Carter Doctrine is a foreign policy initiative introduced by U.S. President Jimmy Carter on January 23, 1980 as a response to the Soviet Union’s intervention in Afghanistan. J. Carter declared that the U.S. would employ military force against any country that attempted to gain control of the Persian Gulf, thus warning away outside forces from the region.  The Carter administration recommended a...

In 2017, new political movements surprised most of us by defeating traditional parties in Europe. One year later, what have we learned?   1. Sending clear anti-establishment messages We witness how Italian youth is drowning to the Five-Star Movement because of its clear anti-establishment message. Actually, one Italian out of two supports anti-establishment and anti-European Union and anti-traditional...

Two of the most important directions of anti-Western thinking in today Russia are classical Eurasianism that originated outside the Soviet Union, in the 1920s-1930s, and post-Soviet, so-called “neo-Eurasianism.” The latter school of thought is far better known in the West than the former, and often also simply called “Eurasianism.” It has been, from the end of the 1980s, principally...

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