Despite all that’s been written and spoken about extreme repression and economic blight in Eritrea, surprisingly little has been publicized about its inscrutable leader, Isaias Afwerki, who has led the country with an iron fist since independence in 1991. Based on common knowledge among Eritreans in the country and other information that I have collected over the years from frequent contacts, I am...

The role of oil in the economic development of a country is very disputed as the “black gold” has caused dozens of conflicts, recessions, inequality, and other problems together with its opportunities. In some countries it can be compared to a curse and, indeed, the colour of oil can also lead to the dissemination of such an image in people’s minds. To speak metaphorically, oil resembles...

  Introduction The International Symposium on Cultural Diplomacy in Africa will focus on the opportunities for cultural diplomacy in Africa in the framework of the current transitions and challenges. In particular, the symposium will highlight the best practices of countries in Africa of practicing cultural diplomacy to educate and to strengthen relationships between groups within their countries and...

Be it an article for international media or a research work, anyone who attempts to write on Eritrea is ostensibly confronted with two most basic issues: sources to be quoted and most updated facts on crucial subjects. What is worse for many of us who have experienced it firsthand is also balancing what is being cited (and recycled) as facts by some organizations and using our judgments to find the middle...

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