Since 2011, the Lebanese people have been facing several economic and political problems. So what must the next Lebanese government do to restore economic growth and ensure social progress?

- Neutralizing Lebanon from all regional conflicts. The more the next government seriously initiates to neutralize the Lebanese scene from the regional developments and changes, the more it would be sparing this country additional problems and tragedies. In the future, Lebanon will have the potential to increasingly grow, as long as the country does not lose its sovereignty to one of the external powers. Also, the next government should maintain the national security and political stability. The economic ratings are actually based on political stability as much as they are based on economic performance. 

- Developing a new social contract: Lebanon needs a new social contract if it is to survive economically and politically. Sadly, Lebanon remains a state of powerful sectarian parties and groups rather than neutral laws and institutions. The abuse of power of these groups is poisoning relations between the government and citizens and seriously undermining the implementation and benefits of reform. Why Nations Fail by Daron Acemoglu and James Robinson claims that the reason nations fail or succeed is the political institutions. Thus, the next government is required to empower institutions that can hold officials and private citizens accountable. These include a strong and independent judiciary system, a vibrant civil society and media, and a political process through which officials can be subjected to public scrutiny. Also, punishing corruption is a vital component of Lebanese economic growth effort. In fact, perceptions of a corrupt government undermine the public trust required to secure short-term economic sacrifices from the population and the effectiveness and competitiveness of the free market promise. So, corruption in Lebanon is widespread and the previous governments have not yet established the necessary integrity structures to fight corruption. To do this, the next government should have an anti-corruption strategy that includes: regulation reforms, access to information laws, provisions regulating the funding of political parties, use of technology to prevent corruption, elaboration of new mechanisms in the public budget transparency, prohibition of using the functional status in public administration, and creation of an open system of government procurement that can be accessed online. 

- Developing a human rights agenda that includes the following areas: freedom of expression, torture, the waste crisis, women’s rights, disability rights, refugee rights, justice and accountability, and privacy. 

- Spreading positivity in the country: Lebanese spend and invest based on their "mood". When they are scared, they don't spend and the economy goes into recession. When the mood is negative investors, both local and foreign, do not come. When the mood is optimistic, people spend and invest, and the economy grows.

- Developing a new economic model: There is no economic solution to the current problems without a strong partnership between the private and public sector. The next government should provide more support to the private sector. To be realistic, Lebanon cannot attract foreign investors if the government can't exert more efforts to keep the local investors. Also, the government should support local companies to target global markets. Actually, the solution to a Lebanese balance of payment deficit is more exports. So, the government should push exporters to increase their exportsby giving them incentives and all the support it can. Also, the next government has to give more incentives to large-scale investment and firm-level projects which aim at social improvements.

- Implementing Cedar 1 projects: Infrastructure is the backbone of a modern, competitive and productive Lebanese economy. Lebanon has several economic opportunities thanks to its geographic situation. One of China’s most ambitious economic and foreign policy projects, the so-called “One Belt, One Road” initiative, also referred to as the Silk Road, will definitely boost the economic development and promote prosperity. But this initiative and others that consider Lebanon as a hub for the reconstruction of Syria need an upgraded infrastructure. Also, reforms in the electricity sector should embrace the private sector participation and open the market to competition and allow companies to produce electricity. The key is to break up the monopoly of EDL and allow all local and international companies to produce electricity. This means that the government should not privatize the sector but liberalize the market.