Ukrainian politics is always complex. For the past three and one half years the leadership, in the form of President Petro Poroshenko, has remained stable, though increasingly unpopular. He is likely to stand for reelection in 2019, if not sooner. Otherwise the clearest thing about the views of the electorate is that it it is not especially enamoured with any of the leading politicians. In fact, the third...

A hundred years after the October Revolution, new revolutionary waves with certain regularity cover both countries and even entire regions of the world.   From "velvet revolution" to "color revolution" This circumstance gives reason to think about the nature of such a change of power, which sometimes leads to completely different results. Shortly before the collapse of the USSR and immediately after...

On October 15, 2017, the presidential elections took place in Kyrgyzstan and on November 24 the new President took office. For the first time the transfer of power and change of the president followed regular and peaceful proceedings unlike in 2005 and 2010 when the governments were ousted by revolutions. Former President, Almazbek Atambayev, after serving his six-year term, just left the post...

Over the course of history, the relations between Latin America and the United States have undergone an overwhelming number of perplexities  and are still in the process of constant change and evolution. In order to deeply comprehend these  relations, first and foremost, their historical background and possible future perspectives have to be taken into account. In the 1960s, due to intense...

In July 1993, following the war over Nagorno-Karabagh, Turkey shut down its borders with Armenia as a gesture of sympathy for Azerbaijan. As a result of this disassociation, the Kars-Gyumri-Tbilisi railway—then the only link between Caucasus and Turkey—ceased its years-long operation. After closure of the Kars-Gyumri rail line, Turkey, Georgia, and Azerbaijan launched considerations on how to...

The end of the Cold War, the disintegration of the USSR, the destruction of Yugoslavia just ended the ideological struggle leaving the new geostrategic and identity crash site. The battles that followed in the 1990s, especially from Serbia to the states and provinces of the former Yugoslavia, were the Nazi-style identity war by the Serbian regime, a sluggish aid from the then stale Russia for geostrategic...

In the shadowy world of covert proxy wars, Iran is taking centre stage, both as a target and a player. A series of incidents involving Iranian ethnic and religious minorities raise the spectre of the United States and Saudi Arabia seeking to destabilize the Islamic republic. Not to sit back passively, indications are that Iran beyond its support for Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, Lebanese Shiite militia...

Myanmar has been worldly renowned for the quality, rarity, and variety of its precious stones since ancient times. Chinese Ming and Qing emperors, British colonizers, Burmese kings, Shan warlords, and current Myanmese military have all been gravitated by the alluring glitter and monetary value of the Burmese gems. The precious stones that can be found in Burmese lands include spinel, diamond, ruby,...

Recent Rohingya crisis has chiefly been examined as a byproduct of religious sectarianism and ethnic hostility. With main international focus concentrated around the Rohingya’s status as religious and ethnic minority subjected to “cleansing”, other motivations behind the crisis have been duly ignored. Economic and business interests of the Myanmar government have been one of these...

Stalin's brutal campaign against the Bolshevik power elite, which took place during the so-called "Great Terror", reminds of the events in France during the time of Jacobin terror. But the differences are also huge. This column deals with "Great Terror" and its accompanying circumstances. Commemorative plaque with photos of victims of the Great Terror, who were shot at the NKVD shooting range in Butovo...

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