Introduction The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was established to eliminate the ideological and military threats posed by the Soviet Union after it appeared as a winner in evident results of the Second World War. The Truman doctrine which forms the base of the Cold War policy of the United States was meant to limit the geopolitical expansion of Soviet Union and in a different way was considered...

This paper aims to analyse the effects of monetary policy, a macroeconomic policy that is used to reach economic objectives such as lower unemployment, economic growth, and stable national currency and inflation (Iordachioaia, 2011). Indeed, several articles and books have emphasised the economic importance of monetary policy. The theoretical model of monetary policy is highlighted in “Principles of...

In the last years relations between Ankara and Moscow have drastically changed and the impact of situations in Syria as well as internal political struggles in Turkey are intensely covered over the background of bilateral relations. Yet, developments in the Caucasus as an important strategic arena were still underreported and seemed to stay a subject of a close circle of regional experts.   Even...

Yes, it might sound unusual: the meaning of the name of Karabakh (in most literature “Nagorno” (Mountainous) is added in front of it), a remote region between Armenia and Azerbaijan, is “black garden”. But ironically, after all the disputes, fights, and tragedies happening there around for almost three decades it is impossible to describe that “garden” without...

What’ve been said in Trumpian ‘National Security Strategy’ is not real. The paper has very little to do with the mark together view of what Trump does and what he says. Unlike domestic policy, several contradictory positions on a single foreign policy issue is a disgrace. What does the strategy paper say? Predominantly three words: competitors, dictators, and irresponsible states are...

The new foreign policy blue print is considerate but invokes both hopes and fears for Australia and the world nations. What does the paper say? Three words, ‘opportunity, security, strength’ which mean efforts to materialize peace and cooperation coexist with the possibility for use of brute force. At the core of the defence paper lives the idea of ‘a contested world’. Likewise,...

Sixty-four candidates have applied for registration to the March 2018 presidential elections in the Russian Federation. Many names are familiar, such as Liberal Democratic leader Vladimir Zhirinovsky (now 71) and Yabloko leader Grigory Yavlinsky (65), but others are new, including the nominee of the official Communist Party, Pavel Grudinin and socialite Ksenia Sobchak, well known as a TV star and the...

Ukrainian politics is always complex. For the past three and one half years the leadership, in the form of President Petro Poroshenko, has remained stable, though increasingly unpopular. He is likely to stand for reelection in 2019, if not sooner. Otherwise the clearest thing about the views of the electorate is that it it is not especially enamoured with any of the leading politicians. In fact, the third...

A hundred years after the October Revolution, new revolutionary waves with certain regularity cover both countries and even entire regions of the world.   From "velvet revolution" to "color revolution" This circumstance gives reason to think about the nature of such a change of power, which sometimes leads to completely different results. Shortly before the collapse of the USSR and immediately after...

On October 15, 2017, the presidential elections took place in Kyrgyzstan and on November 24 the new President took office. For the first time the transfer of power and change of the president followed regular and peaceful proceedings unlike in 2005 and 2010 when the governments were ousted by revolutions. Former President, Almazbek Atambayev, after serving his six-year term, just left the post...

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