Introduction “States were sovereign and powerful, but, as the river commissions showed, they could sometimes sacrifice some of their sovereign prerogatives in order to facilitate the management of common problems.” (Klabbers, 2013 p.16) The European Union could be one of the best examples of such partnership in which states have pooled their sovereignty, in particular policy domains in order to...

Mikeil Saakashvili’s dramatic return to Ukraine has elicited numerous comments on social media, most of which regard his actions as a positive boost to his reputation and a negative impact on the presidency of Petro Poroshenko, who deprived him of his Ukrainian citizenship in July. But what will be its long-term results? And how should Ukraine’s president respond? From Ukraine’s...

Russia is preparing to hold a quadrennial military exercise called ‘Zapad’ (which translates as the West) in mid-September on the territory of Western Russia, Russian exclave Kaliningrad and Belarus. Current tensions with the West add up to the salience of the upcoming drills, which according to NATO allies, will be one of the largest since the Cold War. Although the risk of open confrontation...

As I have noted in my first part of this series, the reform of Lebanon is tough but it is not impossible. Like the citizens, many Lebanese politicians want to change but simply don't know how to do it. After several months of researching how nations change, I have discovered major psychological principles that encompass all political change strategies. I will lay out these rules in this article.   1....

"Sleeping cells" We currently witness an alarming trend when the organized terrorist groups with their hierarchy are replaced by amateur "sleeping" radical cells consisting of two or more people. They are difficult to control, as they are often formed outside the framework of an organization, as it was before. On the other hand, access to social networks and web resources creates their extensive network....

This year`s August 23, marks the 78th anniversary of the Pact signed in Moscow between German Foreign Minister Joachim Von Ribbentrop and Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov, with Stalin in attendance. The Pact had dramatic consequences for Central and Eastern Europe and some analysts perceive it as the real date on which the Second World War began. Others, such as Russian president Vladimir...

Recent events in Russia raised lots of questions regarding the modern Russian political culture and political system.  In order to understand the roots of ongoing protests and its possible consequences we have to look at the Russian political culture which is quite complex to understand.  With its communist past, Russia still remains distant from fully absorbing democratic values even though...

A majority of Lebanese seems to share disappointment with traditional political parties and are longing for change and reform as demonstrated in recent years. Nevertheless, the prospects remain dim for a major change in: the entrenched political structure of Lebanon, the confessional power-sharing system, the discriminatory electoral law, and the deep-rooted culture of sectarianism. In other words, It has...

The Republic of Turkey and the State of Israel have a number of conflicting interests in the Middle East. This article, however, will review their common interests in the region. Counterterrorism or fight against terrorism: The interest number one, of course, is the protection of security and stability in the region. Security and stability are part and parcel of the both countries’ interests. As we...

Introduction: The UAE pursues aggressive defence industrialization through imports with offset agreements As a natural consequence of the government’s ambitions to affirm its rising regional status, to balance against the potential threat from Iran, as well as to modernize its society and to diversify its economy, the United Arab Emirates have been aggressively pursuing defense industrialization...

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