Myanmar has been worldly renowned for the quality, rarity, and variety of its precious stones since ancient times. Chinese Ming and Qing emperors, British colonizers, Burmese kings, Shan warlords, and current Myanmese military have all been gravitated by the alluring glitter and monetary value of the Burmese gems. The precious stones that can be found in Burmese lands include spinel, diamond, ruby,...

Recent Rohingya crisis has chiefly been examined as a byproduct of religious sectarianism and ethnic hostility. With main international focus concentrated around the Rohingya’s status as religious and ethnic minority subjected to “cleansing”, other motivations behind the crisis have been duly ignored. Economic and business interests of the Myanmar government have been one of these...

Stalin's brutal campaign against the Bolshevik power elite, which took place during the so-called "Great Terror", reminds of the events in France during the time of Jacobin terror. But the differences are also huge. This column deals with "Great Terror" and its accompanying circumstances. Commemorative plaque with photos of victims of the Great Terror, who were shot at the NKVD shooting range in Butovo...

In the 72nd UN General Assembly session, Pakistani Prime Minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi categorically told the international community that “Pakistan won’t be a scapegoat in the Afghan War.” This statement is an indirect response to Trump’s new Afghan policy. During his speech PM Abbasi has firmly said that Pakistan believes on “urgent” and “realistic” goals...

According to the neorealism – one of the mainstream theories of international relations – power is divided into two parts – relational and structural. Relational power is the agregate potential of any state and its ability to dictate in international arena. The physical indicators of states – territory, population, national resources, military power, infrastructure, economy –...

One of the problems in the Lebanese economy that we do not efficiently use our capacities. Our country, contrary to what some think, has many capabilities and capacities. I will lay out and explain three main capacities and capabilities in this article. 1. Strategic Geographic Location: Lebanon is located at the intersection of Europe, Asia, and Africa. This location can provide companies with an easy...

Introduction “States were sovereign and powerful, but, as the river commissions showed, they could sometimes sacrifice some of their sovereign prerogatives in order to facilitate the management of common problems.” (Klabbers, 2013 p.16) The European Union could be one of the best examples of such partnership in which states have pooled their sovereignty, in particular policy domains in order to...

Mikeil Saakashvili’s dramatic return to Ukraine has elicited numerous comments on social media, most of which regard his actions as a positive boost to his reputation and a negative impact on the presidency of Petro Poroshenko, who deprived him of his Ukrainian citizenship in July. But what will be its long-term results? And how should Ukraine’s president respond? From Ukraine’s...

Russia is preparing to hold a quadrennial military exercise called ‘Zapad’ (which translates as the West) in mid-September on the territory of Western Russia, Russian exclave Kaliningrad and Belarus. Current tensions with the West add up to the salience of the upcoming drills, which according to NATO allies, will be one of the largest since the Cold War. Although the risk of open confrontation...

As I have noted in my first part of this series, the reform of Lebanon is tough but it is not impossible. Like the citizens, many Lebanese politicians want to change but simply don't know how to do it. After several months of researching how nations change, I have discovered major psychological principles that encompass all political change strategies. I will lay out these rules in this article.   1....

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