On May 14-15, 2017, Chinese President Xi Jinping hosted the leaders of 28 states and representatives from many other countries at the Belt and Road Forum in Beijing. Experts consider this event as an important milestone for China because Chinese investment projects in many countries are transforming from planning to development phase.  For several years now, security of main energy and trade routes...

Introduction Starting from the Second World War, regionalism defined as “willingness of neighboring countries to strengthen their economies by entering into some form of ‘regional integration'  is on the rise. In fact, establishing and being a part of some regional blocks has become a main feature of world politics.  This is largely because of a widely held belief that regional...

  The recent official visit of the new Uzbek president Shavkat Mirziyoyev to Kazakhstan turned out to be "significant" by opening a new page not only in bilateral relations between the countries but also creating conditions for unfreezing the potential for regional interaction. The geopolitical and economic motives of the first strategic steps of the Uzbek president cannot be underestimated.  ...

In celebration of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (the SCO)’s 15th birthday, the organization finally decided to start the admission process for Pakistan and India  in June 2016. The “Memorandum of Obligations”, which consists of more than 30 sets of documents, has been officially signed by the Indian and Pakistani Prime Ministers, urging the accession process of the two...

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