The octogenarian emperor of the Qing dynasty, Qianlong in September 1793, was to receive a delegation from an island nation, whose mercantile organisation, East India Company was sweeping across India, drawing spices and raw materials to serve its factories. When the British trade mission led by George Macartney arrived at the court of the Qing dynasty assisted by a 13-year old interpreter, exchange of...

Turkish soccer executives campaigned this month for major constitutional change that would grant President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan far reaching executive powers. The Turkish Football Federation’s (TFF) backing of Mr. Erdoğan’s effort to accumulate more power put to bed any notion of a separation between politics and soccer. So did the failure of world soccer body FIFA and UEFA, its European...

For the past few weeks, there was a flood of columns and opinions on the existence as well as the non-existence of the Tibet card on the diplomatic table of India. From all the arguments, one thing that becomes quite clear is about the relevance of the Tibet issue in India-China relations. During the era of the Great Game, the use of Tibet as a card by British India during the Shimla Conference in 1914...

Critics in the Maldives likely sighed relief when Saudi King Salman this week postponed his visit because of an outbreak of flu. The flu is however unlikely to halt a planned massive Saudi investment or the impact on Maldives society of the kingdom’s religion-driven public diplomacy. Big ticket investments and countering political violence dominated the headlines of the king’s tour of Asia...

With Russia’s changing the balances in the Middle East following its active intervention in Syria in 2015, Moscow’s Kurdish policy has become one of the most debated issues. In order to understand this policy well and foresee the future of this relationship, it is necessary to mention some important facts from a historical perspective. The initial contact between the Russians and the Kurds...

   The visit of the Georgian president to Minsk on March 2-3, 2017, can noticeably revive the topic of integration with the European Union of a group of post-Soviet countries participating in the "Eastern Partnership" project among which Belarus is also trying to be active. Today, both in Brussels and in other capitals there is notable pessimism regarding this unpromising project. However, there...

Pakistan is emerging as an important military player in the Gulf as it struggles to balance complex relations with regional rivals Saudi Arabia and Iran and diverging approaches by different branches of its government. Pakistan’s military engagement with the Gulf goes far beyond increased involvement in a Saudi-led, 41-nation military alliance that officially was established to counter terrorism, but...

Several months have passed and the government still hasn’t been formed in Macedonia. This is the result of the anti-Albanian positions held by Nikola Gruevski during the negotiations with the Albanian parties. He demanded a change of the platform, fundamental principles, and undeniable rights that have been denied for years on end. The foundations of the Macedonian state cannot remain without the...

Turkey energy interests in EU Turkey commands an obvious and unique geostrategic significance for the Euro-Atlantic community, and as an influential player located at the intersection of the Black and Mediterranean Seas, the Middle East, the Balkans, the Caucasus region, and GCS, is at the center of the Western attention. The country possesses the almost 75 million population with the majority of Muslims....

The day of 26th February marks another anniversary of the Khojaly massacre; the most atrocious occasion of civilian bloodshed happened during the Armenian-Azerbaijani armed conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh. As Azerbaijani political experts, we perceive it our duty to raise awareness about this horrendous crime against humanity among international community which embodies the values of peace and justice-...

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