Despite all that’s been written and spoken about extreme repression and economic blight in Eritrea, surprisingly little has been publicized about its inscrutable leader, Isaias Afwerki, who has led the country with an iron fist since independence in 1991. Based on common knowledge among Eritreans in the country and other information that I have collected over the years from frequent contacts, I am...

The executive order named Immigration or Refugee Ban on “Protecting the nation from foreign terrorist entry into the United States” (also known as Muslim Ban), which was signed on January 27, 2017 by U.S. President Donald Trump caused a great condemnation around the world. According to this order people from seven predominantly Muslim-majority nationals and dual nationals, including Iran, Iraq,...

On May 14-15, 2017, Chinese President Xi Jinping hosted the leaders of 28 states and representatives from many other countries at the Belt and Road Forum in Beijing. Experts consider this event as an important milestone for China because Chinese investment projects in many countries are transforming from planning to development phase.  For several years now, security of main energy and trade routes...

Introduction Starting from the Second World War, regionalism defined as “willingness of neighboring countries to strengthen their economies by entering into some form of ‘regional integration'  is on the rise. In fact, establishing and being a part of some regional blocks has become a main feature of world politics.  This is largely because of a widely held belief that regional...

  The recent official visit of the new Uzbek president Shavkat Mirziyoyev to Kazakhstan turned out to be "significant" by opening a new page not only in bilateral relations between the countries but also creating conditions for unfreezing the potential for regional interaction. The geopolitical and economic motives of the first strategic steps of the Uzbek president cannot be underestimated.  ...

In celebration of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (the SCO)’s 15th birthday, the organization finally decided to start the admission process for Pakistan and India  in June 2016. The “Memorandum of Obligations”, which consists of more than 30 sets of documents, has been officially signed by the Indian and Pakistani Prime Ministers, urging the accession process of the two...

On April 23, the French voters will cast their ballots in the first round of what might turn out to be the most unpredictable and fateful presidential elections in the history of the Fifth Republic. The failure of the François Hollande presidency combined with the sluggish economy and deepening woes over the issues of identity and security have polarized the society and made the contest much more...

For several days, Kosovo has been involved in the debate originated by initiative of President Hashim Thaçi on transforming the Kosovo Security Forces in the military. This initiative is justified by Mr. Thaçi as a necessary step for two purposes: completion of the independent state institutions of Kosovo as well as Kosovo`s integration into NATO. However, President`s initiative has...

The pursuit of developing indigenous defence-industrial capabilities often encounters with the need in sacrifices. As noted by Moravcsik, this involves an “autarky-efficiency dilemma”, in which relative autonomy can only be attained at the expense of production efficiency. (Moravcsik A., 1991) Governments tend to address this issue by adopting different strategies, which ultimately shape their...

Putin's swift visit to Central Asia was another attempt to keep Russia's actively declining influence in the region   Good, bad, evil Out of the five Central Asian countries, Vladimir Putin chose to visit only Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. Formally, the voyage was associated with the 25th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between Russia and these countries. So far, only...

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