The flow of economic migrants to Europe: advantages and disadvantagesAccording to the International Organization for Migration (IOM), the definition of the migration is “the movement of a person or a group of persons, either across an international border or within a State.” Migration has always been a debatable topic in terms of economic, cultural, nationality, security, and humanitarian aspects. Sometimes migrants are welcomed in the receiving countries; especially, when they bring the skills needed in the destination country. However, usually, the reaction in the receiving country is “at best mixed, and often outright hostile”. Even if the driving force of migration is not “workforce needs” in most cases, migration has a critical impact “in the most dynamic sectors of the economy”. The term of migration is associated with negative economic influences in the destination countries; hence, most of the native people do not have favorable views about the migrants. Migrants are usually perceived as an “economic threat”; they are assumed to bring certain economic troubles together with them. In last decades, international migration has grown up very rapidly; it has reached 244 million in 2015 from 222 million in 2010, and 173 million in 2000. The study of OECD in 2012 indicated that over the last decades, there was an increase in the numbers of the migrants in the United States workforce by 47% and in EU workforce by 70 %. These migrants are not spread evenly around the world; Europe is one of the main destinations of migrants. According to reports of UN, there were 76 million migrants residing in Europe in 2015. 

Currently, there is a widespread belief that boosted migration rate in Europe yields economic problems in the receiving country. The Europeans have economic concerns due to migration, which lead to economic and political debates about appropriate migration policy of governments.

This paper aims to identify the scope of labor migrants’ impact on European economics. Firstly, the reasons of boosting migration will be introduced. Following this, the paper justifies the argument that migration does not have any significant negative economic effect, and it can be even economically beneficial for the receiving country. At the end, the proper migration policy for European countries will be suggested.

Due to space restrictions, in this paper, the potential economic effects of humanitarian migrants and refugees will be excluded, and labor migrants will be regarded as a focus object.


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