Why German nationalism brought so much violence, while French did not: a comparative analysisThe rivalry between two continental powers, France and Germany, defined to a great extent the streamline of the European history since the second half of the 19th century until 1945. These countries have been considered as classical examples of nation-states, where this concept found its full realization. Even now they represent two pillars of the European Union, pushing its development in quite Hegelian unity and struggle between the opposites. And quite naturally, they also largely contributed to the development of nationalism- an ideology which gives a nation-state an ultimate weight both politically and culturally, emphasizing that only under this kind of state can peoples achieve fair governance and preserve their inherent unity. However, in certain ways France and Germany have been strikingly different.

The purpose of this work is to find an answer to the question why in Germany nationalism grew into exclusively violent patterns of behavior while it didn’t in France. Why German nationalism brought so much violence, while French did not: a comparative analysisIndeed, the Germans were the perpetrators of the Holocaust, one of the most violent and systematic genocides in the world history. Why did then France throughout its modern history not produce anything similar in the scale to this, although ideas of nationalism have there much longer history and traditions? To do this, I am studying literature on nationalisms of both states, as well as general theoretical work on the nature of ethnic identity and mass psychology. 




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