The rivalry between two continental powers, France and Germany, defined to a great extent the streamline of the European history since the second half of the 19th century until 1945. These countries have been considered as classical examples of nation-states, where this concept found its full realization. Even now they represent two pillars of the European Union, pushing its development in quite Hegelian...

The Cuban missile crisis in 1962 has probably been one of the most researched international crises in the world. However, in 1996 Jutta Weldes wrote about national interests and the missile crises in a new and refreshing manner: she improved the theory of constructivism regarding national interests and showed how the decisions taken in 1962 were the results of social environment and its reaction to the...

The essential problem standing in this work is to compare the legal status of seceding units that are internationally recognized with those that are not. At first, all the terms which may cause ambiguity should be unequivocally defined. Under the term “state”, we mean, according to the Montevideo Convention of 1933, a political organization that responds to the requirements of disposing of a...

The 19th-century British colonization of India is often regarded as a milestone in Indian culture. The Colonists are frequently credited by modern day historians for establishing relative peace, constructing critical infrastructure, leading industrialization, banning obsolete practices such as sati1 and child marriage, and spreading Western ideas. From this standpoint, past British imperialism can be...

The accession of the countries of the Central and Eastern Europe was, since the adoption of Copenhagen criteria in 1993, contingent upon fulfilling various obligations, which included, along with adopting an extensive set of the European legislation known as acquis communitaire, achieving progress on such dimensions as a functioning democracy, rule of law, and the ability to undertake obligations of an EU...

Azerbaijan is a predominantly Muslim country. According to, The World Factbook 2015, 96.9 percent of the population is Muslims. Shia Muslims make approximately 85 percent while Sunni 15 percent of total Muslim population. The rest of the residents (around 3%) is made up of mostly Christians and Jews, as well as representatives of non-traditional sects (Krishnaism, etc.). Thus, the Shiites form the majority...

According to the International Organization for Migration (IOM), the definition of the migration is “the movement of a person or a group of persons, either across an international border or within a State.” Migration has always been a debatable topic in terms of economic, cultural, nationality, security, and humanitarian aspects. Sometimes migrants are welcomed in the receiving countries;...

Racial and ethnic groups are groups that share a familiar racial or ethnic identity. Whilst the terms “race” and “ethnicity” are often used interchangeably, they have slightly distinctive meanings. Racial groups are groups determined by the presence of real or imaginary biological diversity between groups, such as skin color. While people may or may not identify or classify with...

The aim of this study is to analyze the rural-urban migration trend and its consequences within the theoretical framework of constructivism. Since regaining independence, the internal migration pattern in Azerbaijan can be divided into three stages. The dissolution of the Soviet Union later followed by the escalation of a territorial conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia over Nagorno-Karabakh, which...

As within the few years after the World War II the USSR firmly established its hegemony over the newly socialist states of Central and Eastern Europe, the processes going on in Moscow necessarily echoed in all of them. Thus, when the new party elite headed by Nikita Khrushchev initiated a reversal of most of specifically Stalinist policies, Warsaw and Budapest, Sofia and Prague were supposed to proceed in...

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