Azerbaijan is a predominantly Muslim country. According to, The World Factbook 2015, 96.9 percent of the population is Muslims. Shia Muslims make approximately 85 percent while Sunni 15 percent of total Muslim population. The rest of the residents (around 3%) is made up of mostly Christians and Jews, as well as representatives of non-traditional sects (Krishnaism, etc.). Thus, the Shiites form the majority...

According to the International Organization for Migration (IOM), the definition of the migration is “the movement of a person or a group of persons, either across an international border or within a State.” Migration has always been a debatable topic in terms of economic, cultural, nationality, security, and humanitarian aspects. Sometimes migrants are welcomed in the receiving countries;...

Racial and ethnic groups are groups that share a familiar racial or ethnic identity. Whilst the terms “race” and “ethnicity” are often used interchangeably, they have slightly distinctive meanings. Racial groups are groups determined by the presence of real or imaginary biological diversity between groups, such as skin color. While people may or may not identify or classify with...

The aim of this study is to analyze the rural-urban migration trend and its consequences within the theoretical framework of constructivism. Since regaining independence, the internal migration pattern in Azerbaijan can be divided into three stages. The dissolution of the Soviet Union later followed by the escalation of a territorial conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia over Nagorno-Karabakh, which...

As within the few years after the World War II the USSR firmly established its hegemony over the newly socialist states of Central and Eastern Europe, the processes going on in Moscow necessarily echoed in all of them. Thus, when the new party elite headed by Nikita Khrushchev initiated a reversal of most of specifically Stalinist policies, Warsaw and Budapest, Sofia and Prague were supposed to proceed in...

From many strategic concepts for international diplomacy that have been used, they are usually used as "patience strategy"  (Barack  Obama),  “strategic  responsibility”  (Donald  Trump),  “preventive  warfare”  (George  W.  Bush), "Chaos strategy" (Valery Gerasimov), etc. However, these concepts were more political than...

The role of women in socio-political life in the Middle East and North Africa has been limited by law over the long years. However, when the popular uprisings began in MENA region, the role of women in non-traditional ways of political participation such as revolts, uprisings raised questions regarding women rights and gender equality, as well as women’s role in socio-political life of MENA...

The latest developments in the world order and the growing humanist approach towards the international law do not and cannot simply leave it up to the states to entirely define fate of their populace. What if state abuses and violates human rights of a specific “people” within its territory? How could the “people” respond to such repression, discrimination and denial of...

On December 26, 1971, Pakistan finally decided to withdraw its forces from its former territories in Eastern Bengalia after the 9 months of a severe war that followed the declaration of independence of Bangladesh. A great contribution to the victory of the liberation movement was made by India, the regional superpower. But what considerations did Indian government take into account when it decided to use...

At the beginning of this decade, Turkmenistan was enjoying the privileges of its position as an exporter in three different directions, which led the Turkmen government to rest assured of the benefits the Turkmen energy policies provided for the economy of the country. In the last couple of years, however, the conditions have changed drastically, as Turkmenistan has been increasingly dependent on a sole...

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