Several Belarusian newspapers have noted that August 9, 2017, is the 115th anniversary of the birth of Panteleimon Ponomarenko (1902-1984, a native of Krasnodar, Russia), the party leader of Belarus during the Stalinist repressions and war years. Ponomarenko has a mixed reputation but there seems to be a consensus that he was always not the hard-hearted stone-faced Stalinist of lore, but a man with the...

Abstract  Copenhagen School, as a part of critical security studies, developed in response to the traditional analysis of security. The School argued that issues are securitized, and become security issues through speech acts. The overall structure is called securitization process. However, the Copenhagen School’s analysis of security has been consistently criticized by alternative advocates of...

Introduction  The concept of “checks and balances” is a system of separation of power by ensuring that each branch of government such as legislative, executive and judiciary would have exclusive control over its sphere of responsibility, thus precluding any of them from concentrating power. Contemporary states have widely different political system, even if they belong to a large family of...

This article intends to address the current complex and complicated Ethiopian politics in Ethiopia and the Diaspora by way of infusing theoretical explanations and furnishing some ideological tenets for the sake of clarity and for overcoming the dearth of political culture amongst the Ethiopian political groupings at home and the Diaspora. Furthermore, this article will attempt to diagnose the prosaic and...

The role of oil in the economic development of a country is very disputed as the “black gold” has caused dozens of conflicts, recessions, inequality, and other problems together with its opportunities. In some countries it can be compared to a curse and, indeed, the colour of oil can also lead to the dissemination of such an image in people’s minds. To speak metaphorically, oil resembles...

It is hard to deny that the contemporary world is mainly driven by the global market forces that in turn dictate certain rules and even impose certain kind of behavior on the states in the international system. “The creation and promotion of nations’ images serve as a new form of communication among countries, marketing to the needs of the globalized economy and international politics”....

During his election campaign and as President of the USA, Donald Trump drew considerable attention to his immigration policy. Certainly, a mainstay of hisstrategy is the idea of building a wall between the U.S.-Mexico border and deporting 11 million undocumented immigrants whorepresent a “double threat” for American people, both economically and criminally. Generally, Mr. Trump is quite sceptic...

Transnistrian conflict is referred to as an intrastate frozen conflict between central government of the Republic of Moldova and separatist Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic. According to Uppsala University, Department of Peace and Conflict Research, intrastate conflict is a conflict between a government and a non-governmental party (Uppsala University, Department of Peace and Conflict Research, 2014). In...

“A new chapter in the history of international politics has begun, one in which the pursuit and control of energy resources would be the central dynamic of world affairs, and governments.” (Guay, 2014) (Michael T. Klare)   In the study of foreign policy there are variety of approaches, each explaining its essence, functions goals and objectives. Through its foreign policy, state pursues...

“Every age has its own kind of war, its own limiting conditions, and its own peculiar preconceptions” Carl von Clausewitz, On War, 1976, p. 240.   The issues related to ‘hybrid warfare’ have dominated the recent news feeds, political and military scholarship and particularly international security agenda worldwide.  According to the Uppsala conflict data set, there were...

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