I. Introduction  In the last decade we have witnessed one of the greatest economic crises  in the modern history, which provoked numerous disputes and proposals looking for the way how to better counteract its devastating consequences. Since 2007-2008, some of those have worked and some failed, but the underlying tune is clear: politics and economy are indivisibly connected. Namely, democracy as...

Anti-Americanism, whose initial roots go back to the 18th century, has been one of the major trends across the Middle East particularly after the 9/11 terror acts. Although anti-American sentiments in the Middle East first appeared in the aftermath of the American involvement into the region during the 1930s and 1940s, and intensified during the Cold War, anti-Americanism in the region culminated...

Azerbaijan’s foreign policy towards Russia has been mostly shaped by the historical and geographical factors connecting the two countries. The long-term Russian rule and influence in Azerbaijan have led the latter to be dependent on Russia in terms of governance, as well as educational, technological, and scientific development. When it comes to geography, Azerbaijan shares a 284-km length land...

Enlightenment in the late sixteenth and seventeenth centuries caused a great number of cultural and intellectual changes in Europe; therefore, it is proper to say that “it changed not only ideas, but also the process by which ideas are formulated.” (Hause & Maltby, 2004, p. 291) This significant movement affected almost every aspect of European life: politics, religion, science, literature...

Generally speaking, the perception of politics and political processes going on in the world can differ significantly from country to country due to various local and specific features. Our educational, cultural, or social backgrounds also affect our understanding of global events and trends. This can also result in the collision of the reality and the image we created in our minds about the specific...

How can the bizarre Stalin cult, which is haunting the political culture of today's Russia, be curbed? Why are organizations as Memorial, which has been dealing for years with the reworking of the Stalinist past, unable to influence wider population strata and make a decisive contribution to the historical truth? The ninth conference in the "History of Stalinism" series, which took place in Saint...

Today, the Syrian events with their casualties instigate a thorny debate over the necessity of humanitarian military intervention by the global community as well as the problems brought about by the similar moves in the past. While some academicians support the concept of humanitarian intervention mostly on moral and ethical grounds, others view this notion problematic in many aspects. Throughout the...

The Sino-American relationship may be the most convoluted affair that has ever existed between two major powers. Since the early 1990s, following China’s rapidly developing power, dealing with China has ultimately become a very heated affair among the U.S. officials and Chinese observers alike. Links between China and the United States are deepening, and at every level the interaction between the...

There is a wide range of literature written on the relationship between education and economic growth. It is often asserted among scholarly circles that investment on education brings higher returns to individuals’ human capital and subsequent increase in their productivity. As much as the productivity of the labor force increases; that is, the output per worker per hour produced increases, so the...

Fidel Castro, the Cuban revolutionary leader passed away on November 25, reopening debates about his political and economic heritage - his Cuba. The zeitgeist of the Cold War era revived with such discussions pitting social security of the communism against the political pluralism, affluence of capitalism. In this vast discourse, where are we Azerbaijanis? How do we accommodate our recent socialist past? ...

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