Enlightenment in the late sixteenth and seventeenth centuries caused a great number of cultural and intellectual changes in Europe; therefore, it is proper to say that “it changed not only ideas, but also the process by which ideas are formulated.” (Hause & Maltby, 2004, p. 291) This significant movement affected almost every aspect of European life: politics, religion, science, literature...

Generally speaking, the perception of politics and political processes going on in the world can differ significantly from country to country due to various local and specific features. Our educational, cultural, or social backgrounds also affect our understanding of global events and trends. This can also result in the collision of the reality and the image we created in our minds about the specific...

How can the bizarre Stalin cult, which is haunting the political culture of today's Russia, be curbed? Why are organizations as Memorial, which has been dealing for years with the reworking of the Stalinist past, unable to influence wider population strata and make a decisive contribution to the historical truth? The ninth conference in the "History of Stalinism" series, which took place in Saint...

Today, the Syrian events with their casualties instigate a thorny debate over the necessity of humanitarian military intervention by the global community as well as the problems brought about by the similar moves in the past. While some academicians support the concept of humanitarian intervention mostly on moral and ethical grounds, others view this notion problematic in many aspects. Throughout the...

The Sino-American relationship may be the most convoluted affair that has ever existed between two major powers. Since the early 1990s, following China’s rapidly developing power, dealing with China has ultimately become a very heated affair among the U.S. officials and Chinese observers alike. Links between China and the United States are deepening, and at every level the interaction between the...

There is a wide range of literature written on the relationship between education and economic growth. It is often asserted among scholarly circles that investment on education brings higher returns to individuals’ human capital and subsequent increase in their productivity. As much as the productivity of the labor force increases; that is, the output per worker per hour produced increases, so the...

Fidel Castro, the Cuban revolutionary leader passed away on November 25, reopening debates about his political and economic heritage - his Cuba. The zeitgeist of the Cold War era revived with such discussions pitting social security of the communism against the political pluralism, affluence of capitalism. In this vast discourse, where are we Azerbaijanis? How do we accommodate our recent socialist past? ...

Over the last decades, the global terror acts have largely reshaped the political and legal sphere regarding a parochial scope of legality on the use of force against terror acts. In a legal term, the prohibition on the use or threat of force has been widely accepted as a peremptory norm of jus cogens in a customary rule to the extent of the exceptions internationally accepted as an “inherent...

In an attempt to explain the revolutionary and post-revolutionary processes in the Middle East, political analysts tend to lean either on structural, or on agential points of view. Both structuralist and agentialist theories enable to distinguish some revolutionary patterns common for Egypt and Tunisia, and overall in the Arabic world. However, while understanding the different paths these countries have...

In recent years contemporary international relations have been marked by a relatively new political phenomenon – the "language of sanctions”, which manifests itself in international isolation and economic pressure on different states. It seems too simple to explain the increased interest of the world community. Today, in the era of globalization, when there is a gradual transformation of...

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