Carter Doctrine is a foreign policy initiative introduced by U.S. President Jimmy Carter on January 23, 1980 as a response to the Soviet Union’s intervention in Afghanistan. J. Carter declared that the U.S. would employ military force against any country that attempted to gain control of the Persian Gulf, thus warning away outside forces from the region.  The Carter administration recommended a...

There is no exaggeration to tell that Trump’s final decision to leave the nuclear deal with Iran has significantly changed the political situation not only in the Middle East but in the whole world. Numerous experts have already presented detailed analyses of possible negative consequences to all involved parties including the U.S. However, what was done is done and new questions arise. Among the...

Globalization is not in retreat (by Susan Lund, Laura Tyson) 16 April 2018 In this extensive essay, Susan Lund and Laura Tyson try to refute the now-popular thesis that the age of globalization is over, and instead suggest it has taken a new form, strikingly different from the “classic” one. Among the major features characterizing it, the authors emphasize the shift of trade growth from the...

There are some questions how Russia would look after Putin`s expected re-election in March 2018. Whether Russia can attempt some changes internally and how West-Russia confrontation will develop interest almost everyone. Professor Andrey Makarychev from the University of Tartu shares his opinion on in a number of issues, including Russia`s external and internal policy, Russian world.   ...

A coin for the U.S.-North Korea summit. May, 2018. (STR/AFP/Getty Images)    South-East Asia: lots of elections, not so much democracy 26 May 2018 The Economist piece emphasizes the lack of democracy in South-East Asia and states while only one state can be categorized as wholly free (East Timor), remaining countries are either partly free or not free at all. The author also states that this...

On May 21, 2018, the U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo announced the 12 demands towards Iran for starting negotiations on a new deal. However, President Trump’s diplomacy has demonstrated that his tactics lies in putting up excessive demands from the very beginning and further negotiations on an appropriate deal. In these frames, it would be interesting to look at Pompeo’s demands...

More than two decades under Lukashenka, Belarus has become a unique state in Europe. It is a hybrid of Soviet past and pro-Russian present. Yet, the authorities emphasize the country`s independence from Russia from time to time. Prof. David R. Marples from the University of Alberta shares his opinion how the current Belarus moves forward in both internal and external dimensions.    Huseynov:...

  Iran among the ruins (by Vali Nasr) 13 February 2018 Vali Nasr provides a comprehensive analysis of the evolving role of Iran in the Middle East, arguing that demonizing Tehran and re-introducing sanctions against it is a bad policy for the U.S. He shows that the increasing Iranian influence in a range of countries- war-torn Syria, Iraq, Qatar- is due to a large extent to America’s own policy...

The scrapping of the Iran deal was criticized by an overwhelming majority of observers as a shortsighted decision. Yet, President Trump's action seems to reflect the view of several of his Security Council members and his main regional allies in the Middle East. Two possible paths are now open for the Trump administration.   Longtime opponents of the deal, like State Secretary Pompeo and National...

The Topchubashov Center has interviewed Rovshan Ibrahimov, Associated Professor at Hankuk University of Foreign Studies on the reasons and consequences of the stunning events that unfold on the divided Korean peninsula. Interviewer: Murad Muradov   Muradov: You have been living in South Korea for quite a longtime. Has there been a wide social consensus on the need to build peace with the unruly...

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