As within the few years after the World War II the USSR firmly established its hegemony over the newly socialist states of Central and Eastern Europe, the processes going on in Moscow necessarily echoed in all of them. Thus, when the new party elite headed by Nikita Khrushchev initiated a reversal of most of specifically Stalinist policies, Warsaw and Budapest, Sofia and Prague were supposed to proceed in...

The univie: summer school will take place from July 14th to August 11th 2018. The four week program offers high level European Studies courses and the Austrian Arbitration Academy in the morning and German Language courses in the afternoon. The European Studies courses are held in English and focus on Europe and the European Union. They cover political, economic, and legal, but also historical and cultural...

Stalin's brutal campaign against the Bolshevik power elite, which took place during the so-called "Great Terror", reminds of the events in France during the time of Jacobin terror. But the differences are also huge. This column deals with "Great Terror" and its accompanying circumstances. Commemorative plaque with photos of victims of the Great Terror, who were shot at the NKVD shooting range in Butovo...

Ancient Rome bestowed the first diplomatic organs (legationes), the first ambassadors (Pater Patratus) and "Law of Nations" (Jus Gentium) to the world. The governance methods of Ancient Rome and establishing collaboration between neighboring countries for strengthening and consolidating its powers were exposed in the video as well....

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