Whatever the end of the quagmire in the Middle East will be, it can be confidently claimed that the Kurdish problem is now looming larger than ever in the regional politics. In Syria the YPG, armed groups under the local Kurdish party PYD, are among the most solid and reliable forces fighting against radical jihadists; in Iraq the prospects of possible independence exert a steady impact on national...

The pursuit of developing indigenous defence-industrial capabilities often encounters with the need in sacrifices. As noted by Moravcsik, this involves an “autarky-efficiency dilemma”, in which relative autonomy can only be attained at the expense of production efficiency. (Moravcsik A., 1991) Governments tend to address this issue by adopting different strategies, which ultimately shape their...

The recent diplomatic crisis occurring between Turkey and the Netherlands raises question about the reasons for the rapid escalation of a standoff between the two countries. The unexpected diplomatic incident followed by the mutual accusations and harsh criticisms happened between the countries preparing for the critical elections which could have brought unintended results for the both governments in...

“Every age has its own kind of war, its own limiting conditions, and its own peculiar preconceptions” Carl von Clausewitz, On War, 1976, p. 240.   The issues related to ‘hybrid warfare’ have dominated the recent news feeds, political and military scholarship and particularly international security agenda worldwide.  According to the Uppsala conflict data set, there were...

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