Оn 20 July 2016 Belarusian president Alexander Lukashenka approved the final version of the new Military Doctrine of Belarus. The previous version adopted in 2002 has obviously outlived its usefulness in light of the dramatic changes in the global and regional security architecture. The Russia-Ukraine hybrid conflict and a new “Cold war” contributed greatly to the development of this document....

The 29th of August was the 75th anniversary of one of the most intense atrocities of the Holocaust in Lithuanian history; in 1941, Jewish Massacre were committed by Nazis and their Lithuanian collaborators in Moletai (Malat). For the first time Lithuania recognized this event on such a high level that the commemoration was even attended by Lithuanian President Dalia Grybauskaite, who joined the public in...

The second meeting of the foreign ministers of the five Central Asian countries and the U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry was a logical continuation of the dialogue in the “C5+1” format, launched in 2015 in Samarkand, where President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov delivered a farewell speech. It was the first forum where the parties discussed the prospects of international cooperation in the...

My dear countrymen, open your years and listen!   For 138 years Montenegro has been growing at the cost of Albanian lands.  Don’t forget the history as unscrupulous acts are still emerging today. What are we going to do in case memory fails us! One time Russia swallowed our lands with the Treaty of San Stefano in March 1878 (thanks to which Montenegro doubled its territories). A few months...

The fears of those remembering that in August something always happens in Russia to make the whole world tremble, be it a coup attempt in Moscow or the Georgian war during the Olympics, have finally been proved well-grounded. This time in August, again the Olympic one and in the wake of the Presidential elections in the U.S., a worrying chain of events unfolded in the annexed Crimea. Their possible...

In 2005, 14-year-old Macedonia became the second EU candidate member from former Yugoslavia after Croatia. Having largely avoided the horrors of the Yugoslav Wars, led by the strongly pro-European SDSM party, and with a preamble on European integration in its very Constitution, Macedonia looked well-placed for swift EU accession. Yet, in 2016, the Macedonian case is unanimously viewed as one of the saddest...

The operation of paramilitary groups in Central and Eastern Europe has been quite active, albeit less publicized, in recent years. The Ukraine conflict seemed to activate such organizations.   Marian Majer, head of the Slovak Security Policy Institute, provides information on such units, especially those in Slovakia and situation around them.     Interviewer: Rusif Huseynov    ...

Bulgaria has recently moved even closer to diversifying its sources of natural gas supply. This time, it seems it may be happening with less geopolitical grandeur and fanfare. After years of flirting with Russia over its monster pipeline projects on the Balkans, a 182-km long gas interconnector link with Greece may do the trick. The source? Most probably Azerbaijani gas. On 17 May, 2016, in the Greek city...

The Turks constitute the third ethnic group in Macedonia. They preserve their identity and have become more organized in recent years.   Cemal Alindri, Secretary General of Youth Wing of Turkish Democratic Party, provides information on the current situation, political activities and goals of the Turkish community of Macedonia. Interviewer: Rusif Huseynov     Huseynov: Can you first...

The latest Normandy Four meeting on May 11 in Berlin did not result in any major breakthroughs able to resolve the stalemate in Ukraine. Russia and Ukraine agreed to create demilitarized zones in separatist-held areas of eastern Ukraine, enhance information-sharing, and halt military exercises along the contact line, but these steps will not break the current deadlock in implementing the Minsk ceasefire...

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