“Every age has its own kind of war, its own limiting conditions, and its own peculiar preconceptions” Carl von Clausewitz, On War, 1976, p. 240.   The issues related to ‘hybrid warfare’ have dominated the recent news feeds, political and military scholarship and particularly international security agenda worldwide.  According to the Uppsala conflict data set, there were...

Turkish soccer executives campaigned this month for major constitutional change that would grant President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan far reaching executive powers. The Turkish Football Federation’s (TFF) backing of Mr. Erdoğan’s effort to accumulate more power put to bed any notion of a separation between politics and soccer. So did the failure of world soccer body FIFA and UEFA, its European...

Critics in the Maldives likely sighed relief when Saudi King Salman this week postponed his visit because of an outbreak of flu. The flu is however unlikely to halt a planned massive Saudi investment or the impact on Maldives society of the kingdom’s religion-driven public diplomacy. Big ticket investments and countering political violence dominated the headlines of the king’s tour of Asia...

With Russia’s changing the balances in the Middle East following its active intervention in Syria in 2015, Moscow’s Kurdish policy has become one of the most debated issues. In order to understand this policy well and foresee the future of this relationship, it is necessary to mention some important facts from a historical perspective. The initial contact between the Russians and the Kurds...

Pakistan is emerging as an important military player in the Gulf as it struggles to balance complex relations with regional rivals Saudi Arabia and Iran and diverging approaches by different branches of its government. Pakistan’s military engagement with the Gulf goes far beyond increased involvement in a Saudi-led, 41-nation military alliance that officially was established to counter terrorism, but...

Anti-Americanism, whose initial roots go back to the 18th century, has been one of the major trends across the Middle East particularly after the 9/11 terror acts. Although anti-American sentiments in the Middle East first appeared in the aftermath of the American involvement into the region during the 1930s and 1940s, and intensified during the Cold War, anti-Americanism in the region culminated...

Dear readers!  The Politicon is proud to announce the Book Review contest.  You can send us your reviews of books on the subjects we touch upon at The Politicon, global and domestic politics, international relations and diplomacy, security and conflicts, global and political economy, international law.  We don’t have very strict requirements on your choice of books, though we expect...

Turkey energy interests in EU Turkey commands an obvious and unique geostrategic significance for the Euro-Atlantic community, and as an influential player located at the intersection of the Black and Mediterranean Seas, the Middle East, the Balkans, the Caucasus region, and GCS, is at the center of the Western attention. The country possesses the almost 75 million population with the majority of Muslims....

Nəyə görə siyasi təcrübəsi olmayan bir milyarder ABŞ-da prezident seçildi? Trampın xarici siyasəti digər ölkələri, o cümlədən İslam aləminə necə təsir edəcək? Tramp Meksikanı niyə sevmir? ABŞ demokratiyası təhlükə altındadırmı?...

Today, the Syrian events with their casualties instigate a thorny debate over the necessity of humanitarian military intervention by the global community as well as the problems brought about by the similar moves in the past. While some academicians support the concept of humanitarian intervention mostly on moral and ethical grounds, others view this notion problematic in many aspects. Throughout the...

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