Introduction Throughout the years of 2015-16 we have seen the number of migrants flooding into Europe gain momentum as the pace and magnitude of the migration has been sharply rising. Although recent movement of refugees both from Syria and elsewhere has gained momentum, when looking for the trigger, it is essential to go back to 2011 when the Arab uprising began in the Middle East. The Syrian...

Lebanon has an interesting and complicated political system based on its history and demographics. The current political and economic situation in Lebanon does also influence the attitude of population towards parties that constitute political spectrum of the country. Samer El-Hajjar, Beirut-based political marketing expert provides information on the challenges of traditional and new parties,...

    Date: 24-25 October 2017 Venue: Poznan, Poland Deadline: 10 October 2017   Information Detailed perspective and reflection on international and regional matters beyond Europe is not very common in contemporary political science and public debate on the Old Continent especially in Poland. We, Department of Non–European Political Studies (Faculty of Political Science and Journalism...

The pursuit of developing indigenous defence-industrial capabilities often encounters with the need in sacrifices. As noted by Moravcsik, this involves an “autarky-efficiency dilemma”, in which relative autonomy can only be attained at the expense of production efficiency. (Moravcsik A., 1991) Governments tend to address this issue by adopting different strategies, which ultimately shape their...

The recent diplomatic crisis occurring between Turkey and the Netherlands raises question about the reasons for the rapid escalation of a standoff between the two countries. The unexpected diplomatic incident followed by the mutual accusations and harsh criticisms happened between the countries preparing for the critical elections which could have brought unintended results for the both governments in...

“Every age has its own kind of war, its own limiting conditions, and its own peculiar preconceptions” Carl von Clausewitz, On War, 1976, p. 240.   The issues related to ‘hybrid warfare’ have dominated the recent news feeds, political and military scholarship and particularly international security agenda worldwide.  According to the Uppsala conflict data set, there were...

Turkish soccer executives campaigned this month for major constitutional change that would grant President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan far reaching executive powers. The Turkish Football Federation’s (TFF) backing of Mr. Erdoğan’s effort to accumulate more power put to bed any notion of a separation between politics and soccer. So did the failure of world soccer body FIFA and UEFA, its European...

Critics in the Maldives likely sighed relief when Saudi King Salman this week postponed his visit because of an outbreak of flu. The flu is however unlikely to halt a planned massive Saudi investment or the impact on Maldives society of the kingdom’s religion-driven public diplomacy. Big ticket investments and countering political violence dominated the headlines of the king’s tour of Asia...

With Russia’s changing the balances in the Middle East following its active intervention in Syria in 2015, Moscow’s Kurdish policy has become one of the most debated issues. In order to understand this policy well and foresee the future of this relationship, it is necessary to mention some important facts from a historical perspective. The initial contact between the Russians and the Kurds...

Pakistan is emerging as an important military player in the Gulf as it struggles to balance complex relations with regional rivals Saudi Arabia and Iran and diverging approaches by different branches of its government. Pakistan’s military engagement with the Gulf goes far beyond increased involvement in a Saudi-led, 41-nation military alliance that officially was established to counter terrorism, but...

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