Today, the Syrian events with their casualties instigate a thorny debate over the necessity of humanitarian military intervention by the global community as well as the problems brought about by the similar moves in the past. While some academicians support the concept of humanitarian intervention mostly on moral and ethical grounds, others view this notion problematic in many aspects. Throughout the...

In his latest book political sociologist Hazem Kandil attempts to make significant contribution to the existing literature on regime change by constructing a model which he calls “the Power triangle”. With its help, he challenges the traditional perception that political regimes are uniform entities, which should be analysed as single actors. This model entails that there are three blocks of...

Over the last decades, the global terror acts have largely reshaped the political and legal sphere regarding a parochial scope of legality on the use of force against terror acts. In a legal term, the prohibition on the use or threat of force has been widely accepted as a peremptory norm of jus cogens in a customary rule to the extent of the exceptions internationally accepted as an “inherent...

In an attempt to explain the revolutionary and post-revolutionary processes in the Middle East, political analysts tend to lean either on structural, or on agential points of view. Both structuralist and agentialist theories enable to distinguish some revolutionary patterns common for Egypt and Tunisia, and overall in the Arabic world. However, while understanding the different paths these countries have...

The Iran-Armenia-Georgia gas talks have recently gained momentum. Iranian and Georgian companies have signed gas purchase contracts, to supply natural gas to Georgia through Armenia. While the perspective of enhanced Iran-Armenia-Georgia gas cooperation is limited from political and technical viewpoints, Armenia is actively seeking to carve out a new role for itself in order to mitigate the repercussions...

  The Presidents of Azerbaijan, Russia and Iran—Ilham Aliyev, Vladimir Putin and Hassan Rouhani, respectively—met in Baku, on August 8, and signed a Joint Declaration committing their countries to deepening cooperation on energy. In particular, the three sides pledged to collaborate on exploring oil and natural gas deposits, sharing technology on energy supply and...

It has been pronounced on several occasions that Iran may join TANAP, a constituent part of the Southern Gas Corridor (SGC), scheduled to supply natural gas from Shah Deniz II to the European market starting from 2019. Rovnag Abdullayev, the president of State Oil Company of the Republic of Azerbaijan (SOCAR), TANAP’s major stakeholder (58%), said that "after the decision on...

The Western Sahara conflict which broke out in the 1970s has been lasting to date. At present, large parts of Western Sahara are controlled by the Moroccan Government, whereas some 20% of the Western Sahara territory remains controlled by the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR), the Polisario state with limited international recognition. The legal status of Western Sahara and the large numbers of...

On June 27, 2016, Russian President Vladimir Putin received a letter from his Turkish counterpart Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, expressing Turkey’s willingness to restore ties with Russia. Immediately, Gazprom spokesperson Sergey Kupriyanov announced his company’s openness to dialogue with Ankara on the construction of the “Turkish Stream” natural gas pipeline. Turkish Prime Minister Binali...

  The recent trilateral meeting (Azerbaijan-Iran-Russia) in Baku seems to open new prospects for the region. The Politicon interviews Mr. Alex Vatanka, a Senior Fellow at the Middle East Institute and the Jamestown Foundation in Washington D.C, specialist in Iranian and Caucasian policies on the significance of the meeting and discussed projects.   Interviewer: Fuad Shahbazov    ...

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