The results of the Brexit referendum means the British and their European counterparts should rebuild their lives. What does the Leave outcome promise for both the UK and EU, even their neighborhood? Ms. Aydan Karimli, an expert on political economics from London tries to bring some insight into this issue.   Interviewer: Murad Muradov     Muradov: After the Brexit vote, a sense of...

In 2005, 14-year-old Macedonia became the second EU candidate member from former Yugoslavia after Croatia. Having largely avoided the horrors of the Yugoslav Wars, led by the strongly pro-European SDSM party, and with a preamble on European integration in its very Constitution, Macedonia looked well-placed for swift EU accession. Yet, in 2016, the Macedonian case is unanimously viewed as one of the saddest...

In his speech made in early July, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan declared his plan to offer Turkish citizenship to the Syrian refugees. "Turkey is your home, too,” he said, addressing Syrians, who have found asylum in Turkey. "I believe that among our brothers and sisters there are some who want to become citizens of the Republic of Turkey. Our interior ministry is taking steps in that...

On 2 June, 2016, Germany's Bundestag passed a resolution qualifying the Ottoman era Armenian killings as 'genocide'. A few days before, the Yerevan population welcomed a monument to Garegin Nzhdeh, a Nazi collaborator.   *                     ...

Diplomacy and International Affairs—as the term implies—have revolved largely around the interactions between states, and soft power, along with forceful measures, has been the cornerstone of conducting that connectedness. However, it is important to stress that diplomacy and international affairs have always surpassed states. Hedley Bull oncedefined "diplomacy” as "the conduct of...

The operation of paramilitary groups in Central and Eastern Europe has been quite active, albeit less publicized, in recent years. The Ukraine conflict seemed to activate such organizations.   Marian Majer, head of the Slovak Security Policy Institute, provides information on such units, especially those in Slovakia and situation around them.     Interviewer: Rusif Huseynov    ...

  Boko Haram in the West Africa Boko Haram promotes a version of Islam which makes it "haram", or forbidden, for Muslims to take part in any political or social activity associated with Western society. This includes voting in elections, wearing shirts and trousers or receiving a secular education. Boko Haram regards the Nigerian state as being run by non-believers, even when the country had a Muslim...

The first article on Brexit can be read here.   In this second piece dedicated to Brexit, we will try to sketch what larger political consequences the referendum will bear for the European politics in case of both outcomes possible. Whatever the results, the EU will face a whole spectrum of new challenges after the vote, and will have to invent creative responces in order to avoid exacerbation of its...

On 23 June, the UK holds a referendum on whether to stay in the European Union or not, popularly dubbed as “Brexit”. Even before the referendum the unclearness on what to expect has been haunting Europe, while market analysts predict huge long-term costs for both Britain and the EU in case the country decides to leave. But what were the driving forces behind the very idea of the referendum, and...

The dramatic breakdown of the Russian-Turkish partnership in the aftermath of the Su-24 incident had very dramatic consequences for the both sides, which now show first signs of their desire to break the ice. Mr. Orhan Gafarli, Azerbaijani political expert based in Ankara talked to us to give his perspective on the future of the relationships between Russia and Turkey and what wider implications they may...

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