Early August marked intensified activities among Russia, Turkey, Iran and South Caucasian countries. The visit of the Armenian President Serzh Sargsyan to meet with his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin in Moscow amidst these developments bring more questions. Mr. Heydar Mirza, an expert in foreign policy and security studies with focus on the South Caucasus and Caspian region, shares his opinion on the...

After four days of skirmishes in early April, along the line of contact in the occupied Nagorno-Karabakh region of Azerbaijan, Armenian politicians made international headlines by declaring “the presence of nuclear weapons in Armenia”. Thus, the former Prime Minister of Armenia, and current MP, Hrant Bagratyan, claimed at a press conference on 29 April at the Armenian Media Centre, “We...

On 2 June, 2016, Germany's Bundestag passed a resolution qualifying the Ottoman era Armenian killings as 'genocide'. A few days before, the Yerevan population welcomed a monument to Garegin Nzhdeh, a Nazi collaborator.   *                     ...

Diplomacy and International Affairs—as the term implies—have revolved largely around the interactions between states, and soft power, along with forceful measures, has been the cornerstone of conducting that connectedness. However, it is important to stress that diplomacy and international affairs have always surpassed states. Hedley Bull oncedefined "diplomacy” as "the conduct of...

The dramatic breakdown of the Russian-Turkish partnership in the aftermath of the Su-24 incident had very dramatic consequences for the both sides, which now show first signs of their desire to break the ice. Mr. Orhan Gafarli, Azerbaijani political expert based in Ankara talked to us to give his perspective on the future of the relationships between Russia and Turkey and what wider implications they may...

Bulgaria has recently moved even closer to diversifying its sources of natural gas supply. This time, it seems it may be happening with less geopolitical grandeur and fanfare. After years of flirting with Russia over its monster pipeline projects on the Balkans, a 182-km long gas interconnector link with Greece may do the trick. The source? Most probably Azerbaijani gas. On 17 May, 2016, in the Greek city...

The April shootouts in Nagorno-Karabakh that took dozens of lives from each side signaled to the world community that the conflict around the above-mentioned region is not frozen, as it was previously claimed.   *          *          *   Ethnic clashes between Armenians and Azerbaijanis living in Nagorno-Karabakh1, a mountainous province inside...

Despite its violent first half that experienced two world wars, the second part of the twentieth century was remarkably spared from witnessing a World War III. Even though that the major war did not break out, still there was a period of intense hostility between two super-powers, the United States and the Soviet Union. This period of hostility that has seen no actual warfare between two major powers has...

Russia’s military involvement in the Syrian arena has fueled debate among analysts, politicians and pundits etc. about the motives and strategic objectives of Russia that led the country to initiate military actions in Syrian Civil War. By its military intervention in Syria, Russia is focused on accomplishing a series of domestic and foreign policy interests. In the international arena, the country...

The current rivalry over disputed region Nagorno-Karabakh broke out on the eve of the collapse the Soviet Union. The conflict lasted several years, cost lives of more than 30,000 people from both sides while the territory was illegally occupied by Armenian forces who declared independence for the region. Although a ceasefire agreement was reached between the belligerent partiesin 1994, the conflict, not...

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