Azerbaijan is a predominantly Muslim country. According to, The World Factbook 2015, 96.9 percent of the population is Muslims. Shia Muslims make approximately 85 percent while Sunni 15 percent of total Muslim population. The rest of the residents (around 3%) is made up of mostly Christians and Jews, as well as representatives of non-traditional sects (Krishnaism, etc.). Thus, the Shiites form the majority...

A hundred years after the October Revolution, new revolutionary waves with certain regularity cover both countries and even entire regions of the world.   From "velvet revolution" to "color revolution" This circumstance gives reason to think about the nature of such a change of power, which sometimes leads to completely different results. Shortly before the collapse of the USSR and immediately after...

On October 15, 2017, the presidential elections took place in Kyrgyzstan and on November 24 the new President took office. For the first time the transfer of power and change of the president followed regular and peaceful proceedings unlike in 2005 and 2010 when the governments were ousted by revolutions. Former President, Almazbek Atambayev, after serving his six-year term, just left the post...

The aim of this study is to analyze the rural-urban migration trend and its consequences within the theoretical framework of constructivism. Since regaining independence, the internal migration pattern in Azerbaijan can be divided into three stages. The dissolution of the Soviet Union later followed by the escalation of a territorial conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia over Nagorno-Karabakh, which...

The University of Tartu Narva College and Johan Skytte Institute of Political Studies invite young scholars to the Narva XVIII International Student Research Conference «Neglecting the borders: Dimensions of EU-RUS relations» to be held on 19-21 April, 2018. You are welcome to take part in academic discussions led by students and young scholars in the EU-Russia border town of Narva. If you are...

From many strategic concepts for international diplomacy that have been used, they are usually used as "patience strategy"  (Barack  Obama),  “strategic  responsibility”  (Donald  Trump),  “preventive  warfare”  (George  W.  Bush), "Chaos strategy" (Valery Gerasimov), etc. However, these concepts were more political than...

Caucasus Studies includes a range of courses with a focus on the Caucasus region. All courses are offered online with instruction in English. There are no mandatory lectures on campus.   Courses Follow the course links to the Universitys online education catalogue for more information and application. Late applications will be processed with consideration taken to time available and if there are...

In July 1993, following the war over Nagorno-Karabagh, Turkey shut down its borders with Armenia as a gesture of sympathy for Azerbaijan. As a result of this disassociation, the Kars-Gyumri-Tbilisi railway—then the only link between Caucasus and Turkey—ceased its years-long operation. After closure of the Kars-Gyumri rail line, Turkey, Georgia, and Azerbaijan launched considerations on how to...

Stalin's brutal campaign against the Bolshevik power elite, which took place during the so-called "Great Terror", reminds of the events in France during the time of Jacobin terror. But the differences are also huge. This column deals with "Great Terror" and its accompanying circumstances. Commemorative plaque with photos of victims of the Great Terror, who were shot at the NKVD shooting range in Butovo...

According to the neorealism – one of the mainstream theories of international relations – power is divided into two parts – relational and structural. Relational power is the agregate potential of any state and its ability to dictate in international arena. The physical indicators of states – territory, population, national resources, military power, infrastructure, economy –...

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