Recent events in Russia raised lots of questions regarding the modern Russian political culture and political system.  In order to understand the roots of ongoing protests and its possible consequences we have to look at the Russian political culture which is quite complex to understand.  With its communist past, Russia still remains distant from fully absorbing democratic values even though...

At the beginning of this decade, Turkmenistan was enjoying the privileges of its position as an exporter in three different directions, which led the Turkmen government to rest assured of the benefits the Turkmen energy policies provided for the economy of the country. In the last couple of years, however, the conditions have changed drastically, as Turkmenistan has been increasingly dependent on a sole...

Several Belarusian newspapers have noted that August 9, 2017, is the 115th anniversary of the birth of Panteleimon Ponomarenko (1902-1984, a native of Krasnodar, Russia), the party leader of Belarus during the Stalinist repressions and war years. Ponomarenko has a mixed reputation but there seems to be a consensus that he was always not the hard-hearted stone-faced Stalinist of lore, but a man with the...

  The 6th edition of Central and Eastern European Regional (CEE) Meeting is going to be held in Baku for the first time! The topic of CEE Meting 2017, which will be held on 7-10th September in Azerbaijan, is Leadership in Sustainable Urbanization. 

Marcel H. Van Herpen, the director of the Cicero Foundation, a pro-EU and pro-Atlantic think tank, based in Maastricht and Paris, tries to shed light on the current Russian foreign policy in his recent book named “Putin’s wars.” The main hypothesis of the author is that after the collapse of the Soviet Union, Russia lost its influence as an empire and returned to the pre-imperial stage....

How did members of opposition emerge as jihadist? Often, the authorities of the Central Asian states fight against supporters of the so-called "Islamic states" by using the actions of their political opponents to prosecute their family members. In particular, under the slogan of combating Islamic extremism Tajik President Emomali Rakhmon has been repressing the leaders of Islamic Revolutionary Party of...

It is quite symbolic that at the opening of EXPO-2017, the president of Kazakhstan sat in between the leaders of China and Russia, two neighboring states with great ambitions. The only difference is that Beijing still emphasizes its "soft power", while Moscow prefers "gunboat diplomacy" more.   Humanitarian investments The entire previous week in Kazakhstan was dedicated to China. Following the...

In Kyrgyzstan, the adjudication concerning the people involved in an act of terrorism in Embassy of China in Bishkek was pronounced. It is known that on August 30, 2016 the suicide bomber rammed the gates of Chinese Embassy in Kyrgyzstan by car and detonated a bomb together with the car in the territory of diplomatic mission. As a result of explosion, the terrorist died, three employees of embassy were...

Scandalous information about the desire of the Russian side (with the support of Turkey) to expand the list of its military allies in Syria at the expense of Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan could have been attributed to the incident or misunderstanding, if not the alarming trends of recent years, when Kazakhstan is increasingly wanting to deprive the field for diplomatic maneuvers.   Diplomatic gymnastics...

For expansion of the military-political influence in the Middle East, Moscow wishes to use in Syria members of the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) which is the amorphous military block. On June 22, 2017, the Chairman of the Defense Committee of the State Duma, former commander of the Airborne Forces, Colonel-General Vladimir Shamanov said that Russia was negotiating with Kyrgyzstan and...

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