Ongoing conflicts, poverty, violence and persecution forced people to leave their country in the Middle East, Afghanistan, Iraq, Northern Africa, and South Asia. Most of them seek to get asylum in the European Union while searching for better life away from their homeland. Logically, democratic and economically developed regions and countries are more attractable for the most of migrants, considering their...

Having possessed some of the world’s largest natural gas reserves, Turkmenistan is also one of few producer countries – and the only former Soviet republic – that is able to export more than half of its gas production, due to its small population (six times smaller than Uzbekistan’s, for instance) and relatively low level of industrialization. Its position in global energy market...

  Deputy Director of the Estonian School of Diplomacy, Dr. Vahur Made shares his opinion regarding the rising rightist movements in Europe, possible other exit scenarios in the European Union, American policy on Europe during Trump`s tenure, future of Western liberalism.   Interviewer: Elvin Abbasli       The Popular Front (France), the Alternative for Germany (AfD), the Sweden...

Dear readers!  The Politicon is proud to announce the Book Review contest.  You can send us your reviews of books on the subjects we touch upon at The Politicon, global and domestic politics, international relations and diplomacy, security and conflicts, global and political economy, international law.  We don’t have very strict requirements on your choice of books, though we expect...

Turkey energy interests in EU Turkey commands an obvious and unique geostrategic significance for the Euro-Atlantic community, and as an influential player located at the intersection of the Black and Mediterranean Seas, the Middle East, the Balkans, the Caucasus region, and GCS, is at the center of the Western attention. The country possesses the almost 75 million population with the majority of Muslims....

Enlightenment in the late sixteenth and seventeenth centuries caused a great number of cultural and intellectual changes in Europe; therefore, it is proper to say that “it changed not only ideas, but also the process by which ideas are formulated.” (Hause & Maltby, 2004, p. 291) This significant movement affected almost every aspect of European life: politics, religion, science, literature...

The European Union is the world’s largest importer of energy resources. Formation of a common energy policy is one of the most important issues on the daily agenda of the Member States, probably because coal, gas and oil remain the dominant energy sources for the Union despite its efforts to develop renewable energy. Adoption of the second package of directives that called for opening of the gas and...

Introduction The EU membership referendum that was held in the UK on June 23, 2016, resulted with 51.9% of the population voting in favor of the withdrawal from the European Union. Taking into consideration the 43 years’ long membership of the U.K. in the EU, this event is bound to bring about certain consequences for all the remaining 27 Member-States as well as for countries outside the Union. In...

Europe is left again in a state of shock and distress when Germany was hit by a surprising attack leaving 9 people dead and many more wounded. The attack on the Olympia shopping centre in Munich, three days after another attack on board a  train executed  by an Afghan refugee and followed by an explosion in a small town of Ansbach, seems to be politically motivated violence rather than...

The results of the Brexit referendum means the British and their European counterparts should rebuild their lives. What does the Leave outcome promise for both the UK and EU, even their neighborhood? Ms. Aydan Karimli, an expert on political economics from London tries to bring some insight into this issue.   Interviewer: Murad Muradov     Muradov: After the Brexit vote, a sense of...

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