Race and Ethnicity: And contemporary manifestations in the worldRacial and ethnic groups are groups that share a familiar racial or ethnic identity. Whilst the terms “race” and “ethnicity” are often used interchangeably, they have slightly distinctive meanings. Racial groups are groups determined by the presence of real or imaginary biological diversity between groups, such as skin color. While people may or may not identify or classify with their race, a majority of the people have little choice about the racial group to which they are seen to belong. In the meantime, ethnic groups are defined by the presence of a real or imagined common history or culture. People can generally choose the ethnic group with which they will identify and which they will be seen to belong. So, how the race and ethnicity shape the process of group identity and its formation in a state? And, what role does racial and ethnic diversity play in the formation of socioeconomic and political attitudes of the people?

 

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