German Chancellor Merkel paid state visits to the three Caucasus republics from 23 August to 25 August, 2018. After a period of relative strength that led to the impression of a steady rise of the Federal Republic within the international system, this tour takes place in times when Berlin faces new strategic constraints. These constraints severed over recent years and include serious issues that...

Although a number of surveys and studies about migration in the South Caucasus have been conducted, empirical researches about brain drain from the region is limited, especially after 2015, which is a breakpoint for regional states due to the falling oil prices and slowdown of Russian economy. In this regard, the aim of this study is to discuss the brain drain in the region, analyse the stimulating factors...

We are glad to present an interview with Mr. Laurence Broers, the Associate Fellow of the Royal Institute of International Affairs (London), research associate at the Centre for Contemporary Central Asia and the Caucasus at the School of Oriental & African Studies (SOAS), and the co-founder and co-editor-in-chief of Caucasus Survey. Murad Muradov talked to Mr. Broers about the current unfortunate...

The revolutionary events in Armenia are approaching their logical end, and unless something totally unexpected happens in the upcoming couple of days, the protest leader Nikol Pashinyan should be elected as the country’s new Prime Minister, de-facto head of state. Unfolding in such an expected and quickly manner, this process was bound to confuse many observers and analysts alike and give way to a...

The term Matryoshka-nationalism comes from the name of a wooden Russian doll called matryoshka which, reveals another, smaller doll inside, with the latter containing an even smaller doll.  The notion of Matryoshka-nationalism as a specific phenomenon of post-Soviet nationalism refers to separatist movements that emerged upon the dissolution of the USSR and implies the existence of a smaller ethnic...

One of the most terrible events of the post-WWII Europe took place in Khojaly, Azerbaijan in 26 February 1992.   In the course of Nagorno-Karabakh war, 613 Azerbaijanis were ruthlessly massacred by the Armenian forces. Among the killed were 63 children, 106 women, 70 elderly.  8 families were completely exterminated, 25 children lost both parents, 130 children lost one of the parents. 487 people,...

Baku, Azerbaijan 5-18 August 2018   About Summer School For the second time, Azerbaijan State Oil and Industry University offers a unique opportunity for a selected group of highly motivated and prospective undergraduate, graduate and postgraduate students to experience top-class and challenging university-level summer school on "Post Oil Economy".   Why participate? - Broaden economical and...

In the last years relations between Ankara and Moscow have drastically changed and the impact of situations in Syria as well as internal political struggles in Turkey are intensely covered over the background of bilateral relations. Yet, developments in the Caucasus as an important strategic arena were still underreported and seemed to stay a subject of a close circle of regional experts.   Even...

Yes, it might sound unusual: the meaning of the name of Karabakh (in most literature “Nagorno” (Mountainous) is added in front of it), a remote region between Armenia and Azerbaijan, is “black garden”. But ironically, after all the disputes, fights, and tragedies happening there around for almost three decades it is impossible to describe that “garden” without...

Azerbaijan is a predominantly Muslim country. According to, The World Factbook 2015, 96.9 percent of the population is Muslims. Shia Muslims make approximately 85 percent while Sunni 15 percent of total Muslim population. The rest of the residents (around 3%) is made up of mostly Christians and Jews, as well as representatives of non-traditional sects (Krishnaism, etc.). Thus, the Shiites form the majority...

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