The revolutionary events in Armenia are approaching their logical end, and unless something totally unexpected happens in the upcoming couple of days, the protest leader Nikol Pashinyan should be elected as the country’s new Prime Minister, de-facto head of state. Unfolding in such an expected and quickly manner, this process was bound to confuse many observers and analysts alike and give way to a...

The term Matryoshka-nationalism comes from the name of a wooden Russian doll called matryoshka which, reveals another, smaller doll inside, with the latter containing an even smaller doll.  The notion of Matryoshka-nationalism as a specific phenomenon of post-Soviet nationalism refers to separatist movements that emerged upon the dissolution of the USSR and implies the existence of a smaller ethnic...

One of the most terrible events of the post-WWII Europe took place in Khojaly, Azerbaijan in 26 February 1992.   In the course of Nagorno-Karabakh war, 613 Azerbaijanis were ruthlessly massacred by the Armenian forces. Among the killed were 63 children, 106 women, 70 elderly.  8 families were completely exterminated, 25 children lost both parents, 130 children lost one of the parents. 487 people,...

Baku, Azerbaijan 5-18 August 2018   About Summer School For the second time, Azerbaijan State Oil and Industry University offers a unique opportunity for a selected group of highly motivated and prospective undergraduate, graduate and postgraduate students to experience top-class and challenging university-level summer school on "Post Oil Economy".   Why participate? - Broaden economical and...

In the last years relations between Ankara and Moscow have drastically changed and the impact of situations in Syria as well as internal political struggles in Turkey are intensely covered over the background of bilateral relations. Yet, developments in the Caucasus as an important strategic arena were still underreported and seemed to stay a subject of a close circle of regional experts.   Even...

Yes, it might sound unusual: the meaning of the name of Karabakh (in most literature “Nagorno” (Mountainous) is added in front of it), a remote region between Armenia and Azerbaijan, is “black garden”. But ironically, after all the disputes, fights, and tragedies happening there around for almost three decades it is impossible to describe that “garden” without...

Azerbaijan is a predominantly Muslim country. According to, The World Factbook 2015, 96.9 percent of the population is Muslims. Shia Muslims make approximately 85 percent while Sunni 15 percent of total Muslim population. The rest of the residents (around 3%) is made up of mostly Christians and Jews, as well as representatives of non-traditional sects (Krishnaism, etc.). Thus, the Shiites form the majority...

The aim of this study is to analyze the rural-urban migration trend and its consequences within the theoretical framework of constructivism. Since regaining independence, the internal migration pattern in Azerbaijan can be divided into three stages. The dissolution of the Soviet Union later followed by the escalation of a territorial conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia over Nagorno-Karabakh, which...

In July 1993, following the war over Nagorno-Karabagh, Turkey shut down its borders with Armenia as a gesture of sympathy for Azerbaijan. As a result of this disassociation, the Kars-Gyumri-Tbilisi railway—then the only link between Caucasus and Turkey—ceased its years-long operation. After closure of the Kars-Gyumri rail line, Turkey, Georgia, and Azerbaijan launched considerations on how to...

According to the neorealism – one of the mainstream theories of international relations – power is divided into two parts – relational and structural. Relational power is the agregate potential of any state and its ability to dictate in international arena. The physical indicators of states – territory, population, national resources, military power, infrastructure, economy –...

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