The thesis discusses how the domestic political institutions in France, Germany, the Netherlands and Sweden shaped each nation’s migration policies in the context of these differing historical phases. Through a most similar system design (MSSD), this analysis shows that the strength and support of implementation in national migration of readmission agreement (EURAs) as a tool of return policy of four...

Introduction  The concept of “checks and balances” is a system of separation of power by ensuring that each branch of government such as legislative, executive and judiciary would have exclusive control over its sphere of responsibility, thus precluding any of them from concentrating power. Contemporary states have widely different political system, even if they belong to a large family of...

On April 23, the French voters will cast their ballots in the first round of what might turn out to be the most unpredictable and fateful presidential elections in the history of the Fifth Republic. The failure of the François Hollande presidency combined with the sluggish economy and deepening woes over the issues of identity and security have polarized the society and made the contest much more...

The latest Normandy Four meeting on May 11 in Berlin did not result in any major breakthroughs able to resolve the stalemate in Ukraine. Russia and Ukraine agreed to create demilitarized zones in separatist-held areas of eastern Ukraine, enhance information-sharing, and halt military exercises along the contact line, but these steps will not break the current deadlock in implementing the Minsk ceasefire...

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