The term Matryoshka-nationalism comes from the name of a wooden Russian doll called matryoshka which, reveals another, smaller doll inside, with the latter containing an even smaller doll.  The notion of Matryoshka-nationalism as a specific phenomenon of post-Soviet nationalism refers to separatist movements that emerged upon the dissolution of the USSR and implies the existence of a smaller ethnic...

In the last years relations between Ankara and Moscow have drastically changed and the impact of situations in Syria as well as internal political struggles in Turkey are intensely covered over the background of bilateral relations. Yet, developments in the Caucasus as an important strategic arena were still underreported and seemed to stay a subject of a close circle of regional experts.   Even...

In July 1993, following the war over Nagorno-Karabagh, Turkey shut down its borders with Armenia as a gesture of sympathy for Azerbaijan. As a result of this disassociation, the Kars-Gyumri-Tbilisi railway—then the only link between Caucasus and Turkey—ceased its years-long operation. After closure of the Kars-Gyumri rail line, Turkey, Georgia, and Azerbaijan launched considerations on how to...

According to the neorealism – one of the mainstream theories of international relations – power is divided into two parts – relational and structural. Relational power is the agregate potential of any state and its ability to dictate in international arena. The physical indicators of states – territory, population, national resources, military power, infrastructure, economy –...

Marcel H. Van Herpen, the director of the Cicero Foundation, a pro-EU and pro-Atlantic think tank, based in Maastricht and Paris, tries to shed light on the current Russian foreign policy in his recent book named “Putin’s wars.” The main hypothesis of the author is that after the collapse of the Soviet Union, Russia lost its influence as an empire and returned to the pre-imperial stage....

Introduction Starting from the Second World War, regionalism defined as “willingness of neighboring countries to strengthen their economies by entering into some form of ‘regional integration'  is on the rise. In fact, establishing and being a part of some regional blocks has become a main feature of world politics.  This is largely because of a widely held belief that regional...

  The calculations of geopolitical strategists in Minsk, which suggested that the Belarusian-Georgian relations will receive a new impetus after Lukashenka`s visit to Tbilisi last year seem to come true.       The recent official visit of Foreign Minister of Belarus, Vladimir Makei, to Tbilisi is intended to be such an impetus. Until now, Georgia had been the only country in the...

The Iran-Armenia-Georgia gas talks have recently gained momentum. Iranian and Georgian companies have signed gas purchase contracts, to supply natural gas to Georgia through Armenia. While the perspective of enhanced Iran-Armenia-Georgia gas cooperation is limited from political and technical viewpoints, Armenia is actively seeking to carve out a new role for itself in order to mitigate the repercussions...

After four days of skirmishes in early April, along the line of contact in the occupied Nagorno-Karabakh region of Azerbaijan, Armenian politicians made international headlines by declaring “the presence of nuclear weapons in Armenia”. Thus, the former Prime Minister of Armenia, and current MP, Hrant Bagratyan, claimed at a press conference on 29 April at the Armenian Media Centre, “We...

The Georgia-Azerbaijan relations underwent a serious test because of the scandal during the first leg of a UEFA Europa League qualifier between Dinamo versus Gabala in Tbilisi on July 2. The series of provocative actions launched even prior to the match was accompanied by violation. The first event occurred when several Azerbaijani supporters, who had come to Georgia`s capital got beaten by local fans....

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