In July 1993, following the war over Nagorno-Karabagh, Turkey shut down its borders with Armenia as a gesture of sympathy for Azerbaijan. As a result of this disassociation, the Kars-Gyumri-Tbilisi railway—then the only link between Caucasus and Turkey—ceased its years-long operation. After closure of the Kars-Gyumri rail line, Turkey, Georgia, and Azerbaijan launched considerations on how to...

According to the neorealism – one of the mainstream theories of international relations – power is divided into two parts – relational and structural. Relational power is the agregate potential of any state and its ability to dictate in international arena. The physical indicators of states – territory, population, national resources, military power, infrastructure, economy –...

Marcel H. Van Herpen, the director of the Cicero Foundation, a pro-EU and pro-Atlantic think tank, based in Maastricht and Paris, tries to shed light on the current Russian foreign policy in his recent book named “Putin’s wars.” The main hypothesis of the author is that after the collapse of the Soviet Union, Russia lost its influence as an empire and returned to the pre-imperial stage....

Introduction Starting from the Second World War, regionalism defined as “willingness of neighboring countries to strengthen their economies by entering into some form of ‘regional integration'  is on the rise. In fact, establishing and being a part of some regional blocks has become a main feature of world politics.  This is largely because of a widely held belief that regional...

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