With hot conflicts, uprisings and geopolitical confrontations in the Middle East, where many actors pursue their own goals, the Iraqi Turkmens stayed in the middle of these turbulences. We had an interview with Dr. James M. Dorsey, a senior fellow at the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies at Singapore’s Nanyang Technological University, a syndicated columnist and the author of the...

People in Iraq's northern autonomous region of Kurdistan are voting in an independence referendum, amid rising tensions and international opposition on September 25, 2017. This referendum can produce a new state on the world map, in the most turbulent region of the planet. Heydar Mirza, expert in foreign policy and security studies, comments on the situation.    Interviewer: Elmira Hasanova...

"Sleeping cells" We currently witness an alarming trend when the organized terrorist groups with their hierarchy are replaced by amateur "sleeping" radical cells consisting of two or more people. They are difficult to control, as they are often formed outside the framework of an organization, as it was before. On the other hand, access to social networks and web resources creates their extensive network....

How did members of opposition emerge as jihadist? Often, the authorities of the Central Asian states fight against supporters of the so-called "Islamic states" by using the actions of their political opponents to prosecute their family members. In particular, under the slogan of combating Islamic extremism Tajik President Emomali Rakhmon has been repressing the leaders of Islamic Revolutionary Party of...

Over the last decades, the global terror acts have largely reshaped the political and legal sphere regarding a parochial scope of legality on the use of force against terror acts. In a legal term, the prohibition on the use or threat of force has been widely accepted as a peremptory norm of jus cogens in a customary rule to the extent of the exceptions internationally accepted as an “inherent...

Europe is left again in a state of shock and distress when Germany was hit by a surprising attack leaving 9 people dead and many more wounded. The attack on the Olympia shopping centre in Munich, three days after another attack on board a  train executed  by an Afghan refugee and followed by an explosion in a small town of Ansbach, seems to be politically motivated violence rather than...

Since the end of May 2016, the world has been once again closely following the events in Syria, where the Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG)-dominated Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) have started massive offensive in the northern part of the country to liberate the city of Manbij and its surrounding territories from the Islamic State militants. This area is of significant strategic importance, as...

Russia’s military involvement in the Syrian arena has fueled debate among analysts, politicians and pundits etc. about the motives and strategic objectives of Russia that led the country to initiate military actions in Syrian Civil War. By its military intervention in Syria, Russia is focused on accomplishing a series of domestic and foreign policy interests. In the international arena, the country...

After the brutal bomb attack on March of 13 in the heart of Ankara that killed more than 30 people, president Erdoğan blamed Kurdish militants and PKK/PYD linked organizations in violence against Turkey and vowed to bring terror to “its knees”. While the latest deadly terrorist attacks both in Ankara and Istanbul raised questions about the Turkish government’s ability to protect its...

Vladimir Putin entered Syria in an attempt to bolster his domestic popularity and demonstrate Russia's military adequacy- while also containing its rivals in the Middle East.   The Russian military operation in Syria launched at the end of September 2015 has so far raised a variety of opinions regarding the true reasons behind it, as well as what consequences it may bear for Russia. Since the...

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