In July 1993, following the war over Nagorno-Karabagh, Turkey shut down its borders with Armenia as a gesture of sympathy for Azerbaijan. As a result of this disassociation, the Kars-Gyumri-Tbilisi railway—then the only link between Caucasus and Turkey—ceased its years-long operation. After closure of the Kars-Gyumri rail line, Turkey, Georgia, and Azerbaijan launched considerations on how to...

It is quite symbolic that at the opening of EXPO-2017, the president of Kazakhstan sat in between the leaders of China and Russia, two neighboring states with great ambitions. The only difference is that Beijing still emphasizes its "soft power", while Moscow prefers "gunboat diplomacy" more.   Humanitarian investments The entire previous week in Kazakhstan was dedicated to China. Following the...

On May 14-15, 2017, Chinese President Xi Jinping hosted the leaders of 28 states and representatives from many other countries at the Belt and Road Forum in Beijing. Experts consider this event as an important milestone for China because Chinese investment projects in many countries are transforming from planning to development phase.  For several years now, security of main energy and trade routes...

The book under review, Maritime Silk Road, was written by Li Qingxin in Chinese and translated into English by William W. Wang. In this book, Li Qingxin tries to portray the past glory of Chinese civilization, especially, in the maritime domain. It recognizes that current ventures in the Indian and Pacific Oceans undertaken by the People Republic of China (PRC) are not contemporary innovations, but are...

Videos

Facebook page