In July 1993, following the war over Nagorno-Karabagh, Turkey shut down its borders with Armenia as a gesture of sympathy for Azerbaijan. As a result of this disassociation, the Kars-Gyumri-Tbilisi railway—then the only link between Caucasus and Turkey—ceased its years-long operation. After closure of the Kars-Gyumri rail line, Turkey, Georgia, and Azerbaijan launched considerations on how to...

People in Iraq's northern autonomous region of Kurdistan are voting in an independence referendum, amid rising tensions and international opposition on September 25, 2017. This referendum can produce a new state on the world map, in the most turbulent region of the planet. Heydar Mirza, expert in foreign policy and security studies, comments on the situation.    Interviewer: Elmira Hasanova...

The Republic of Turkey and the State of Israel have a number of conflicting interests in the Middle East. This article, however, will review their common interests in the region. Counterterrorism or fight against terrorism: The interest number one, of course, is the protection of security and stability in the region. Security and stability are part and parcel of the both countries’ interests. As we...

Background In 2014 a small incident occurred between Qatar and GCC countries related to funding and supporting terrorist organizations in the Middle East but later the dispute was solved peacefully. The similar incident sparked again on May 23, 2017 when the fake news was aired on several UAE- and Saudi-owned networks attributing hack false statements to the emir of Qatar. This led to a series of serious...

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