Debilitating hostility between Saudi Arabia and Iran is about lots of things, not least who will have the upper hand in a swath of land stretching from Central Asia to the Atlantic coast of Africa. While attention is focused on ensuring that continued containment of Iran ensures that Saudi Arabia has a leg up, geopolitics is but one side of the equation. Natural gas is the other. With signatories to the...

Despite electing a pro-Russian president, Moldova is said to have the worst ever relations with Russia. Moldovan foreign affairs expert Denis Cenusa talks to The Politicon about Moldova-Russia relations, its effect on Transnistria and Moldovan economy.    Interviewer: Turana Aliyeva     Aliyeva: In May of 2017 the president of Moldova Igor Dodon stated that the bilateral relations...

At the beginning of this decade, Turkmenistan was enjoying the privileges of its position as an exporter in three different directions, which led the Turkmen government to rest assured of the benefits the Turkmen energy policies provided for the economy of the country. In the last couple of years, however, the conditions have changed drastically, as Turkmenistan has been increasingly dependent on a sole...

“A new chapter in the history of international politics has begun, one in which the pursuit and control of energy resources would be the central dynamic of world affairs, and governments.” (Guay, 2014) (Michael T. Klare)   In the study of foreign policy there are variety of approaches, each explaining its essence, functions goals and objectives. Through its foreign policy, state pursues...

During the third ministerial meeting of the Southern Gas Corridor (SGC) Advisory Council, held in Baku, on February 23, the European Commission’s vice president for the Energy Union, Maroš Šefčovič, encouraged international financial institutions to bankroll the SGC project. Amidst volatile oil prices, securing financing is of primary importance for this strategic energy transit...

   Azerbaijan has been an Eastern Partnership country for years, but seems to pursue its unique path regarding the relations with the Euro-Atlantic community. Trying to distance itself from deeper integrational processes, it instead prefers multilateral relations in the field of energy. The Politicon`s editor-in-chief tries to give some insight on Azerbaijan`s foreign relations ahead...

Having possessed some of the world’s largest natural gas reserves, Turkmenistan is also one of few producer countries – and the only former Soviet republic – that is able to export more than half of its gas production, due to its small population (six times smaller than Uzbekistan’s, for instance) and relatively low level of industrialization. Its position in global energy market...

For the first time ever, Gazprom officially expressed interest in using the Trans-Adriatic Pipeline (TAP) to deliver Russian gas to Europe. During the European Gas Conference in Vienna, on January 24, Gazprom deputy CEO Alexander Medvedev said that Russia’s upstream capacity is sufficient to export more than 100 billion cubic meters (bcm) per year of extra gas to Europe, but it faces an...

Energy security is the key question for any state in the modern era, especially those highly industrialized and therefore heavily dependent on cheap, reliable and consistent energy supplies. When a group of such countries form a union situation becomes even more complicated as the presence of too many players with differing interests in terms of energy supply and security makes coming to a common agreement...

The Iran-Armenia-Georgia gas talks have recently gained momentum. Iranian and Georgian companies have signed gas purchase contracts, to supply natural gas to Georgia through Armenia. While the perspective of enhanced Iran-Armenia-Georgia gas cooperation is limited from political and technical viewpoints, Armenia is actively seeking to carve out a new role for itself in order to mitigate the repercussions...

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