Debilitating hostility between Saudi Arabia and Iran is about lots of things, not least who will have the upper hand in a swath of land stretching from Central Asia to the Atlantic coast of Africa. While attention is focused on ensuring that continued containment of Iran ensures that Saudi Arabia has a leg up, geopolitics is but one side of the equation. Natural gas is the other. With signatories to the...

Despite electing a pro-Russian president, Moldova is said to have the worst ever relations with Russia. Moldovan foreign affairs expert Denis Cenusa talks to The Politicon about Moldova-Russia relations, its effect on Transnistria and Moldovan economy.    Interviewer: Turana Aliyeva     Aliyeva: In May of 2017 the president of Moldova Igor Dodon stated that the bilateral relations...

At the beginning of this decade, Turkmenistan was enjoying the privileges of its position as an exporter in three different directions, which led the Turkmen government to rest assured of the benefits the Turkmen energy policies provided for the economy of the country. In the last couple of years, however, the conditions have changed drastically, as Turkmenistan has been increasingly dependent on a sole...

“A new chapter in the history of international politics has begun, one in which the pursuit and control of energy resources would be the central dynamic of world affairs, and governments.” (Guay, 2014) (Michael T. Klare)   In the study of foreign policy there are variety of approaches, each explaining its essence, functions goals and objectives. Through its foreign policy, state pursues...

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