Germany is Western Europe‘s demographically and economically most significant country while Ukraine has, in the post-Soviet period, becomea geopolitical pivot state of Eastern Europe as well as the territorially largest exclusively European country (Russia and Turkey have parts of their territories in Europe, but most of them in Asia). There are deep historical links between Ukrainian and Germans....

Carter Doctrine is a foreign policy initiative introduced by U.S. President Jimmy Carter on January 23, 1980 as a response to the Soviet Union’s intervention in Afghanistan. J. Carter declared that the U.S. would employ military force against any country that attempted to gain control of the Persian Gulf, thus warning away outside forces from the region.  The Carter administration recommended a...

Two of the most important directions of anti-Western thinking in today Russia are classical Eurasianism that originated outside the Soviet Union, in the 1920s-1930s, and post-Soviet, so-called “neo-Eurasianism.” The latter school of thought is far better known in the West than the former, and often also simply called “Eurasianism.” It has been, from the end of the 1980s, principally...

  Iran among the ruins (by Vali Nasr) 13 February 2018 Vali Nasr provides a comprehensive analysis of the evolving role of Iran in the Middle East, arguing that demonizing Tehran and re-introducing sanctions against it is a bad policy for the U.S. He shows that the increasing Iranian influence in a range of countries- war-torn Syria, Iraq, Qatar- is due to a large extent to America’s own policy...

Amid the trade war going on between China and the United States, one may ask how China, one of the poorest countries in the world a few decades ago, grew into an economy that could challenge the United States, the sole superpower existing in the contemporary world. The strategy that lies behind China’s current economic power is its decision to bandwagon on globalisation, first by establishing Special...

The one – the only – way to win World War III is to prevent it.  Dwight Eisenhower In the very preface, Robert A. Divine explains why Dwight Eisenhower`s period is an interesting topic to study as he became an exception of a characteristic pattern for the twentieth-century American presidency: unlike other presidents of his century, Dwight Eisenhower had little experience at home but...

In line with an instruction from President Vladimir Putin, in December 2017 the Russian Prosecutor General’s Office, in conjunction with Rosobornadzor [Federal Service for Supervision in Education and Science], presented a report on the voluntary study of national languages in Russian schools. Since September 2017 an inspection had been conducted on “a verification of compliance in the...

Dramatic perturbations have recently occurred in the British government. But what does all this chaos stand for? We spoke to our expert Murad Muradov on the issue.   What stands behind the recent turmoil within the British government?  Why have Ministers Davis and Johnson resigned? As it is the case with most of the turbulent events in British politics, the trigger is definitely the Brexit...

Chinese efforts to woo Saudi Arabia’s ethnic Chinese community highlight the People’s Republic’s effort to avert criticism from the Muslim world of its crackdown in the north-western province of Xinjiang and strengthen relations with the kingdom and Middle Eastern nations. The efforts to woo a community, a significant part of which is of Turkic origin, identifies itself as Turkestani, and...

Macron Has Changed France’s Political DNA (by James Traub) 5 June 2018 James Traub, contemplating about the major outcomes of the first year of Emmanuel Macron’s presidency in France, claims that he has managed to bring a substantially new approach to the country’ politics. Being rightly seen as technocratic and a supporter of top-down governance, Macron, in order to overcome the...

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