Despite the Trump administration’s inability to understand why the war in Afghanistan has been such a massive failure, the reason for the failure is quite simple. The United States can never win this war, because the nature of this war will always favour the Taliban. Not only do the Taliban have every reason to fight, they also enjoy the advantage of being local to Afghanistan. Unlike the coalition...

OPEC mulls a long-term alliance with Russia to keep oil prices stable The Economist comments on the strengthening relationship between Saudi Arabia and Russia and puts forward the idea that the countries are set to reach more effective limits to the global production of oil. Resurgence of shale production in the U.S. makes it natural for the large producers whose economies are strongly dependent on...

Sixty-four candidates have applied for registration to the March 2018 presidential elections in the Russian Federation. Many names are familiar, such as Liberal Democratic leader Vladimir Zhirinovsky (now 71) and Yabloko leader Grigory Yavlinsky (65), but others are new, including the nominee of the official Communist Party, Pavel Grudinin and socialite Ksenia Sobchak, well known as a TV star and the...

Ukrainian politics is always complex. For the past three and one half years the leadership, in the form of President Petro Poroshenko, has remained stable, though increasingly unpopular. He is likely to stand for reelection in 2019, if not sooner. Otherwise the clearest thing about the views of the electorate is that it it is not especially enamoured with any of the leading politicians. In fact, the third...

The accession of the countries of the Central and Eastern Europe was, since the adoption of Copenhagen criteria in 1993, contingent upon fulfilling various obligations, which included, along with adopting an extensive set of the European legislation known as acquis communitaire, achieving progress on such dimensions as a functioning democracy, rule of law, and the ability to undertake obligations of an EU...

Azerbaijan is a predominantly Muslim country. According to, The World Factbook 2015, 96.9 percent of the population is Muslims. Shia Muslims make approximately 85 percent while Sunni 15 percent of total Muslim population. The rest of the residents (around 3%) is made up of mostly Christians and Jews, as well as representatives of non-traditional sects (Krishnaism, etc.). Thus, the Shiites form the majority...

According to the International Organization for Migration (IOM), the definition of the migration is “the movement of a person or a group of persons, either across an international border or within a State.” Migration has always been a debatable topic in terms of economic, cultural, nationality, security, and humanitarian aspects. Sometimes migrants are welcomed in the receiving countries;...

  In late September 2017, the Iraqi Kurdish authorities organized a referendum in which an overwhelming majority voted for independence. However, this outcome was not immediately materialized into independence. Dr. James M. Dorsey, a Middle East scholar from Singapore’s Nanyang Technological University, shares his thoughts on the referendum and expectations in post-referendum future. ...

On October 15, 2017, the presidential elections took place in Kyrgyzstan and on November 24 the new President took office. For the first time the transfer of power and change of the president followed regular and peaceful proceedings unlike in 2005 and 2010 when the governments were ousted by revolutions. Former President, Almazbek Atambayev, after serving his six-year term, just left the post...

The aim of this study is to analyze the rural-urban migration trend and its consequences within the theoretical framework of constructivism. Since regaining independence, the internal migration pattern in Azerbaijan can be divided into three stages. The dissolution of the Soviet Union later followed by the escalation of a territorial conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia over Nagorno-Karabakh, which...

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