In July 1993, following the war over Nagorno-Karabagh, Turkey shut down its borders with Armenia as a gesture of sympathy for Azerbaijan. As a result of this disassociation, the Kars-Gyumri-Tbilisi railway—then the only link between Caucasus and Turkey—ceased its years-long operation. After closure of the Kars-Gyumri rail line, Turkey, Georgia, and Azerbaijan launched considerations on how to...

Myanmar has been worldly renowned for the quality, rarity, and variety of its precious stones since ancient times. Chinese Ming and Qing emperors, British colonizers, Burmese kings, Shan warlords, and current Myanmese military have all been gravitated by the alluring glitter and monetary value of the Burmese gems. The precious stones that can be found in Burmese lands include spinel, diamond, ruby,...

Recent Rohingya crisis has chiefly been examined as a byproduct of religious sectarianism and ethnic hostility. With main international focus concentrated around the Rohingya’s status as religious and ethnic minority subjected to “cleansing”, other motivations behind the crisis have been duly ignored. Economic and business interests of the Myanmar government have been one of these...

Despite electing a pro-Russian president, Moldova is said to have the worst ever relations with Russia. Moldovan foreign affairs expert Denis Cenusa talks to The Politicon about Moldova-Russia relations, its effect on Transnistria and Moldovan economy.    Interviewer: Turana Aliyeva     Aliyeva: In May of 2017 the president of Moldova Igor Dodon stated that the bilateral relations...

  Dear students and graduates!   We, the Politicon team, have finding new talent and getting it known among the top priorities of our platform. So we would like to announce a call for the relevant university theses and course papers written in English in the fields of International Relations and Global Affairs, Political Science, Global and Political Economy, International Law. If you have done...

The role of oil in the economic development of a country is very disputed as the “black gold” has caused dozens of conflicts, recessions, inequality, and other problems together with its opportunities. In some countries it can be compared to a curse and, indeed, the colour of oil can also lead to the dissemination of such an image in people’s minds. To speak metaphorically, oil resembles...

  Introduction The International Symposium on Cultural Diplomacy in Central Asia will focus on the opportunities for cultural diplomacy in Central Asia in the framework of the current transitions and challenges. In particular, the symposium will highlight the best practices of countries in the Central Asia of practicing cultural diplomacy to educate and to strengthen relationships between groups...

On May 14-15, 2017, Chinese President Xi Jinping hosted the leaders of 28 states and representatives from many other countries at the Belt and Road Forum in Beijing. Experts consider this event as an important milestone for China because Chinese investment projects in many countries are transforming from planning to development phase.  For several years now, security of main energy and trade routes...

    Date: 24-25 October 2017 Venue: Poznan, Poland Deadline: 10 October 2017   Information Detailed perspective and reflection on international and regional matters beyond Europe is not very common in contemporary political science and public debate on the Old Continent especially in Poland. We, Department of Non–European Political Studies (Faculty of Political Science and Journalism...

The book under review, Maritime Silk Road, was written by Li Qingxin in Chinese and translated into English by William W. Wang. In this book, Li Qingxin tries to portray the past glory of Chinese civilization, especially, in the maritime domain. It recognizes that current ventures in the Indian and Pacific Oceans undertaken by the People Republic of China (PRC) are not contemporary innovations, but are...

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