Turkey energy interests in EU Turkey commands an obvious and unique geostrategic significance for the Euro-Atlantic community, and as an influential player located at the intersection of the Black and Mediterranean Seas, the Middle East, the Balkans, the Caucasus region, and GCS, is at the center of the Western attention. The country possesses the almost 75 million population with the majority of Muslims....

For the first time ever, Gazprom officially expressed interest in using the Trans-Adriatic Pipeline (TAP) to deliver Russian gas to Europe. During the European Gas Conference in Vienna, on January 24, Gazprom deputy CEO Alexander Medvedev said that Russia’s upstream capacity is sufficient to export more than 100 billion cubic meters (bcm) per year of extra gas to Europe, but it faces an...

Energy security is the key question for any state in the modern era, especially those highly industrialized and therefore heavily dependent on cheap, reliable and consistent energy supplies. When a group of such countries form a union situation becomes even more complicated as the presence of too many players with differing interests in terms of energy supply and security makes coming to a common agreement...

The Iran-Armenia-Georgia gas talks have recently gained momentum. Iranian and Georgian companies have signed gas purchase contracts, to supply natural gas to Georgia through Armenia. While the perspective of enhanced Iran-Armenia-Georgia gas cooperation is limited from political and technical viewpoints, Armenia is actively seeking to carve out a new role for itself in order to mitigate the repercussions...

  The Presidents of Azerbaijan, Russia and Iran—Ilham Aliyev, Vladimir Putin and Hassan Rouhani, respectively—met in Baku, on August 8, and signed a Joint Declaration committing their countries to deepening cooperation on energy. In particular, the three sides pledged to collaborate on exploring oil and natural gas deposits, sharing technology on energy supply and...

The European Union is the world’s largest importer of energy resources. Formation of a common energy policy is one of the most important issues on the daily agenda of the Member States, probably because coal, gas and oil remain the dominant energy sources for the Union despite its efforts to develop renewable energy. Adoption of the second package of directives that called for opening of the gas and...

It has been pronounced on several occasions that Iran may join TANAP, a constituent part of the Southern Gas Corridor (SGC), scheduled to supply natural gas from Shah Deniz II to the European market starting from 2019. Rovnag Abdullayev, the president of State Oil Company of the Republic of Azerbaijan (SOCAR), TANAP’s major stakeholder (58%), said that "after the decision on...

On June 27, 2016, Russian President Vladimir Putin received a letter from his Turkish counterpart Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, expressing Turkey’s willingness to restore ties with Russia. Immediately, Gazprom spokesperson Sergey Kupriyanov announced his company’s openness to dialogue with Ankara on the construction of the “Turkish Stream” natural gas pipeline. Turkish Prime Minister Binali...

Introduction The EU membership referendum that was held in the UK on June 23, 2016, resulted with 51.9% of the population voting in favor of the withdrawal from the European Union. Taking into consideration the 43 years’ long membership of the U.K. in the EU, this event is bound to bring about certain consequences for all the remaining 27 Member-States as well as for countries outside the Union. In...

 “Safety and certainty in oil lie in variety and variety alone”[1] Winston Churchill   A famous doctrine of classical geopolitics goes: “Who controls Eurasia, (Heartland) eventually, he will be able to run the world”. Subsequently, however, changing circumstances have been shaping and reorganizing foreign policies and political interests of states. Hence, a new dogma has...

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