The Prague-based NGO SCHOLA EMPIRICA is pleased to launch the 14th edition of Prague Summer Schools! Prague Summer Schools are seven-day academic programs designed to bring together undergraduate and graduate students of various nationalities and academic backgrounds to enjoy their summer holidays in a unique academic and cultural environment. SCHOLA EMPIRICA is pleased to announce the forthcoming Prague...

  In late September 2017, the Iraqi Kurdish authorities organized a referendum in which an overwhelming majority voted for independence. However, this outcome was not immediately materialized into independence. Dr. James M. Dorsey, a Middle East scholar from Singapore’s Nanyang Technological University, shares his thoughts on the referendum and expectations in post-referendum future. ...

From many strategic concepts for international diplomacy that have been used, they are usually used as "patience strategy"  (Barack  Obama),  “strategic  responsibility”  (Donald  Trump),  “preventive  warfare”  (George  W.  Bush), "Chaos strategy" (Valery Gerasimov), etc. However, these concepts were more political than...

The  China-Africa  Research  Initiative  (CARI)  at  the  Johns  Hopkins  University  School  of  Advanced International Studies (SAIS) is pleased to announce  a  Call for Papers for its fourth annual conference: "Matters of State: Politics, Governance, and Agency in China-Africa Engagement."  The conference will be held at Johns...

In July 1993, following the war over Nagorno-Karabagh, Turkey shut down its borders with Armenia as a gesture of sympathy for Azerbaijan. As a result of this disassociation, the Kars-Gyumri-Tbilisi railway—then the only link between Caucasus and Turkey—ceased its years-long operation. After closure of the Kars-Gyumri rail line, Turkey, Georgia, and Azerbaijan launched considerations on how to...

2nd Foreign Policy and Security Winter School, 14-18 March 2018, Istanbul/Turkey   Turkey is located at very critical geography. On one hand it is a NATO member and strategic partner of the USA. On the other hand, it is located in the neighborhood of the regional powers like Iran and Russia which both of them play extremely important role at the contemporary world politics. Furthermore, Turkey has...

The end of the Cold War, the disintegration of the USSR, the destruction of Yugoslavia just ended the ideological struggle leaving the new geostrategic and identity crash site. The battles that followed in the 1990s, especially from Serbia to the states and provinces of the former Yugoslavia, were the Nazi-style identity war by the Serbian regime, a sluggish aid from the then stale Russia for geostrategic...

In the shadowy world of covert proxy wars, Iran is taking centre stage, both as a target and a player. A series of incidents involving Iranian ethnic and religious minorities raise the spectre of the United States and Saudi Arabia seeking to destabilize the Islamic republic. Not to sit back passively, indications are that Iran beyond its support for Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, Lebanese Shiite militia...

According to the neorealism – one of the mainstream theories of international relations – power is divided into two parts – relational and structural. Relational power is the agregate potential of any state and its ability to dictate in international arena. The physical indicators of states – territory, population, national resources, military power, infrastructure, economy –...

People in Iraq's northern autonomous region of Kurdistan are voting in an independence referendum, amid rising tensions and international opposition on September 25, 2017. This referendum can produce a new state on the world map, in the most turbulent region of the planet. Heydar Mirza, expert in foreign policy and security studies, comments on the situation.    Interviewer: Elmira Hasanova...

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