As Russian-Turkish relations become more strained in the aftermath of the Su-24 incident, both powers seek to demonstrate their muscles to each other. Given that more actors will be involved in this rumble regardless of their will, each belligerent side tries to be more attractive and earn more allies. The position of Azerbaijan, a tiny nation with huge oil and gas reserves sandwiched between Russia and...

Vladimir Putin entered Syria in an attempt to bolster his domestic popularity and demonstrate Russia's military adequacy- while also containing its rivals in the Middle East.   The Russian military operation in Syria launched at the end of September 2015 has so far raised a variety of opinions regarding the true reasons behind it, as well as what consequences it may bear for Russia. Since the...

This article belongs to Pax Russica series   “It is not often that nations learn from the past, even rarer that they draw the correct conclusions from it.”  Henry Kissinger     In December 1979, the Soviet Union launched a military intervention in Afghanistan, having responded to the calls from Taraki government. The Soviet leaders, whose main goal was to protect the loyal...

The Minsk Group, a special body of the Organization for Security and Co‑operation in Europe, established in 1992 in order to help the settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan, has been constantly criticized during the recent years. No breakthrough has been achieved over the resolution of the long-lasting conflict that emerged in 1988 over Armenia’s territorial claims...

This article belongs to Pax Russica series    Iosif Kobzon's name was once amongst the most popular singers in the former Soviet Union. The veteran performer, who is known as the “Russian Sinatra” in the West and had his name entered into the Book of Records of Russia as the most decorated artist in the country's history during the 20th century, had maintained a positive reputation...

  Look here upon this picture, and on this, The counterfeit presentment of two brothers. Hamlet   The downing of the Russian SU-24 bomber by the Turkish Air Forces on November 24 that marked a new era of global geopolitical struggle could also be considered a military fight in the Near Eastern theater between two countries, but a personal combat betwixt two similar personalities. Since coming to...

Early April of the current year, the news spread from Switzerland reported a long-awaited arrangement: Iran and six world powers that had negotiated for the past several years declared a deal, which would block Tehran from developing nuclear weapons in exchange for the lifting of Western sanctions. Despite some skeptical opinions, the most agreed it was a big diplomatic achievement and hoped for further...

GUAM: from setup to present situation In the light of the current events in East Europe, a new chance can emerge for the revival of GUAM, an organization established by Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan and Moldova in 1997. The bloc that has started taking shape in the turn of the millennium The initial conceptual vision of GUAM primarily based on cooperation between the member states in creating a Euro-Asian...

The annexation of Crimea by Russia in March 2014 and the protests in Ukraine’s eastern region leading to separatist movements in Donetsk and Luhansk provinces deservedly caught the world’s attention. What began as pro-Russian protests has escalated into an armed conflict between the Russia-backed forces of the Donetsk and Luhansk Republics and Ukraine, giving rise to concerns over...

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