As within the few years after the World War II the USSR firmly established its hegemony over the newly socialist states of Central and Eastern Europe, the processes going on in Moscow necessarily echoed in all of them. Thus, when the new party elite headed by Nikita Khrushchev initiated a reversal of most of specifically Stalinist policies, Warsaw and Budapest, Sofia and Prague were supposed to proceed in...

The univie: summer school will take place from July 14th to August 11th 2018. The four week program offers high level European Studies courses and the Austrian Arbitration Academy in the morning and German Language courses in the afternoon. The European Studies courses are held in English and focus on Europe and the European Union. They cover political, economic, and legal, but also historical and cultural...

Caucasus Studies includes a range of courses with a focus on the Caucasus region. All courses are offered online with instruction in English. There are no mandatory lectures on campus.   Courses Follow the course links to the Universitys online education catalogue for more information and application. Late applications will be processed with consideration taken to time available and if there are...

Stalin's brutal campaign against the Bolshevik power elite, which took place during the so-called "Great Terror", reminds of the events in France during the time of Jacobin terror. But the differences are also huge. This column deals with "Great Terror" and its accompanying circumstances. Commemorative plaque with photos of victims of the Great Terror, who were shot at the NKVD shooting range in Butovo...

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