The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) have been locked in a civil war with the state for more than half a century, but in the past four years the rebels have engaged in talks with government negotiators. Recently, the two sides signed an historic ceasefire agreement in Havana, paving the way for a formal peace treaty. Mr. Adriaan Alsema, the editor-in-chief of Medellin-based Colombia Reports...

The second meeting of the foreign ministers of the five Central Asian countries and the U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry was a logical continuation of the dialogue in the “C5+1” format, launched in 2015 in Samarkand, where President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov delivered a farewell speech. It was the first forum where the parties discussed the prospects of international cooperation in the...

After four days of skirmishes in early April, along the line of contact in the occupied Nagorno-Karabakh region of Azerbaijan, Armenian politicians made international headlines by declaring “the presence of nuclear weapons in Armenia”. Thus, the former Prime Minister of Armenia, and current MP, Hrant Bagratyan, claimed at a press conference on 29 April at the Armenian Media Centre, “We...

Since the end of May 2016, the world has been once again closely following the events in Syria, where the Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG)-dominated Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) have started massive offensive in the northern part of the country to liberate the city of Manbij and its surrounding territories from the Islamic State militants. This area is of significant strategic importance, as...

The operation of paramilitary groups in Central and Eastern Europe has been quite active, albeit less publicized, in recent years. The Ukraine conflict seemed to activate such organizations.   Marian Majer, head of the Slovak Security Policy Institute, provides information on such units, especially those in Slovakia and situation around them.     Interviewer: Rusif Huseynov    ...

  Boko Haram in the West Africa Boko Haram promotes a version of Islam which makes it "haram", or forbidden, for Muslims to take part in any political or social activity associated with Western society. This includes voting in elections, wearing shirts and trousers or receiving a secular education. Boko Haram regards the Nigerian state as being run by non-believers, even when the country had a Muslim...

"In a system of states, the use of force generally discriminates between peace and war. Yet, international politics often takes place in a gray region involving no-peace and no-war, wherein the threat of violence – more than its mere application – is the critical variable for and understanding of interstate relations and crises.”1 The unique character of this variable makes it both a...

  Several days ago, a leader of the Taliban movement Mullah Akhtar Mansoor was killed in a U.S.-led drone strike in Pakistan, a year after he was appointed to the post. Ironically, his career did not last so long, even though during his reign, the Taliban fighters successfully carried out military operations against the government troops in southern part of Afghanistan. Moreover, the physical...

The April shootouts in Nagorno-Karabakh that took dozens of lives from each side signaled to the world community that the conflict around the above-mentioned region is not frozen, as it was previously claimed.   *          *          *   Ethnic clashes between Armenians and Azerbaijanis living in Nagorno-Karabakh1, a mountainous province inside...

It is common knowledge that more than two decades ago the European continent was mainly divided between two rival geopolitical blocs – “Western”, mostly the EU and the North-Atlantic club, and “Eastern”, dominated militarily and economically by the USSR. This Eastern Bloc occupied a geographical space spreading from the flatland of the Great East European Plain along the...

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