Since the end of May 2016, the world has been once again closely following the events in Syria, where the Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG)-dominated Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) have started massive offensive in the northern part of the country to liberate the city of Manbij and its surrounding territories from the Islamic State militants. This area is of significant strategic importance, as...

The operation of paramilitary groups in Central and Eastern Europe has been quite active, albeit less publicized, in recent years. The Ukraine conflict seemed to activate such organizations.   Marian Majer, head of the Slovak Security Policy Institute, provides information on such units, especially those in Slovakia and situation around them.     Interviewer: Rusif Huseynov    ...

  Boko Haram in the West Africa Boko Haram promotes a version of Islam which makes it "haram", or forbidden, for Muslims to take part in any political or social activity associated with Western society. This includes voting in elections, wearing shirts and trousers or receiving a secular education. Boko Haram regards the Nigerian state as being run by non-believers, even when the country had a Muslim...

"In a system of states, the use of force generally discriminates between peace and war. Yet, international politics often takes place in a gray region involving no-peace and no-war, wherein the threat of violence – more than its mere application – is the critical variable for and understanding of interstate relations and crises.”1 The unique character of this variable makes it both a...

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