The statement “Development as Freedom” was articulated by Nobel Peace Prize winner and famous economist Amartya Sen. He developed the idea of how freedom can be achieved not only by economic or technological development but from the freedom and the basic capabilities itself. In his book, he argues that freedom is part of our life which gives us strength “to have a reason to value...

Location: University of Tartu, Pärnu College (Ringi 35, Pärnu, Estonia) Time: July 23 - July 27, 2018 Level:  advanced undergraduate and MA students a professionals.   Objectives: The 7th Martens Summer School on International Law, organised by the School of Law of the University of Tartu in the Estonian coastal resort town Pärnu, will deal with the comparative aspects of...

The EU Centre together with its partners in the Jean Monnet Network on Challenges to Multiculturalism and Multilateralism (JMN-CMM: http://bit.ly/eucentresg-jmncmm) are organizing a 2-week Summer Programme in Brussels and Jakarta in July 2018 to introduce students to the European Union (EU) and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). The programme will explore how these two regional...

Trump administration has presented National Security Strategy (NSS) after almost a year to take office. I had a chance to review the strategy document and when I was reviewing that NSS document the words of former Soviet Union’s leader Nikita Khrushchev were recalling into my mind. Once he said that "America will fall without a shot being fired. It will fall from within." How much his assessment is...

Introduction The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was established to eliminate the ideological and military threats posed by the Soviet Union after it appeared as a winner in evident results of the Second World War. The Truman doctrine which forms the base of the Cold War policy of the United States was meant to limit the geopolitical expansion of Soviet Union and in a different way was considered...

In an auction in Alkmaar, a city in the Northern Netherlands, an aggregate of 90,000‎ guilders (ƒ‎‎) was generated from sales of tulips and other exotic flowers. A tulip sample named Viceroy was sold for ƒ4,203 while another tulip, Admirael van Enchuysen, was offered ƒ5,200.  To put into context, during much of the 17th century, an average outdoor laborer earned about...

This paper aims to analyse the effects of monetary policy, a macroeconomic policy that is used to reach economic objectives such as lower unemployment, economic growth, and stable national currency and inflation (Iordachioaia, 2011). Indeed, several articles and books have emphasised the economic importance of monetary policy. The theoretical model of monetary policy is highlighted in “Principles of...

Baku, Azerbaijan 5-18 August 2018   About Summer School For the second time, Azerbaijan State Oil and Industry University offers a unique opportunity for a selected group of highly motivated and prospective undergraduate, graduate and postgraduate students to experience top-class and challenging university-level summer school on "Post Oil Economy".   Why participate? - Broaden economical and...

The rivalry between two continental powers, France and Germany, defined to a great extent the streamline of the European history since the second half of the 19th century until 1945. These countries have been considered as classical examples of nation-states, where this concept found its full realization. Even now they represent two pillars of the European Union, pushing its development in quite Hegelian...

In the last years relations between Ankara and Moscow have drastically changed and the impact of situations in Syria as well as internal political struggles in Turkey are intensely covered over the background of bilateral relations. Yet, developments in the Caucasus as an important strategic arena were still underreported and seemed to stay a subject of a close circle of regional experts.   Even...

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