Boko Haram in the West Africa Boko Haram promotes a version of Islam which makes it "haram", or forbidden, for Muslims to take part in any political or social activity associated with Western society. This includes voting in elections, wearing shirts and trousers or receiving a secular education. Boko Haram regards the Nigerian state as being run by non-believers, even when the country had a Muslim...

The first article on Brexit can be read here.   In this second piece dedicated to Brexit, we will try to sketch what larger political consequences the referendum will bear for the European politics in case of both outcomes possible. Whatever the results, the EU will face a whole spectrum of new challenges after the vote, and will have to invent creative responces in order to avoid exacerbation of its...

On 23 June, the UK holds a referendum on whether to stay in the European Union or not, popularly dubbed as “Brexit”. Even before the referendum the unclearness on what to expect has been haunting Europe, while market analysts predict huge long-term costs for both Britain and the EU in case the country decides to leave. But what were the driving forces behind the very idea of the referendum, and...

"In a system of states, the use of force generally discriminates between peace and war. Yet, international politics often takes place in a gray region involving no-peace and no-war, wherein the threat of violence – more than its mere application – is the critical variable for and understanding of interstate relations and crises.”1 The unique character of this variable makes it both a...

The dramatic breakdown of the Russian-Turkish partnership in the aftermath of the Su-24 incident had very dramatic consequences for the both sides, which now show first signs of their desire to break the ice. Mr. Orhan Gafarli, Azerbaijani political expert based in Ankara talked to us to give his perspective on the future of the relationships between Russia and Turkey and what wider implications they may...

Some researchers have done fact-findings about Israel unilaterally, but Israelism: Arab Scholarship on Israel, a Critical Assessment aspires to stress the critique of Israeli studies in the Arab world. This book also points out to the underdevelopment of Israeli studies in Arab society. Since the onset of the Israel-Palestine controversy, the studies and research about Israel have lacked objectivity being...

  Several days ago, a leader of the Taliban movement Mullah Akhtar Mansoor was killed in a U.S.-led drone strike in Pakistan, a year after he was appointed to the post. Ironically, his career did not last so long, even though during his reign, the Taliban fighters successfully carried out military operations against the government troops in southern part of Afghanistan. Moreover, the physical...

Bulgaria has recently moved even closer to diversifying its sources of natural gas supply. This time, it seems it may be happening with less geopolitical grandeur and fanfare. After years of flirting with Russia over its monster pipeline projects on the Balkans, a 182-km long gas interconnector link with Greece may do the trick. The source? Most probably Azerbaijani gas. On 17 May, 2016, in the Greek city...

The Turks constitute the third ethnic group in Macedonia. They preserve their identity and have become more organized in recent years.   Cemal Alindri, Secretary General of Youth Wing of Turkish Democratic Party, provides information on the current situation, political activities and goals of the Turkish community of Macedonia. Interviewer: Rusif Huseynov     Huseynov: Can you first...

The latest Normandy Four meeting on May 11 in Berlin did not result in any major breakthroughs able to resolve the stalemate in Ukraine. Russia and Ukraine agreed to create demilitarized zones in separatist-held areas of eastern Ukraine, enhance information-sharing, and halt military exercises along the contact line, but these steps will not break the current deadlock in implementing the Minsk ceasefire...

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