In July 1993, following the war over Nagorno-Karabagh, Turkey shut down its borders with Armenia as a gesture of sympathy for Azerbaijan. As a result of this disassociation, the Kars-Gyumri-Tbilisi railway—then the only link between Caucasus and Turkey—ceased its years-long operation. After closure of the Kars-Gyumri rail line, Turkey, Georgia, and Azerbaijan launched considerations on how to...

The concept of power is one of the most studied topics in International Relations (IR). Since decades, many academic works have examined power in international politics from different aspects, including how it is used, whether its accumulated through material capabilities such as economic and military strength, or it has changed the nature. Joseph Nye, one of the august scholars re-energised the debate of...

2nd Foreign Policy and Security Winter School, 14-18 March 2018, Istanbul/Turkey   Turkey is located at very critical geography. On one hand it is a NATO member and strategic partner of the USA. On the other hand, it is located in the neighborhood of the regional powers like Iran and Russia which both of them play extremely important role at the contemporary world politics. Furthermore, Turkey has...

The Centre for Syrian Studies (CSS) at the University of St Andrews in Scotland invites submission of abstracts for papers to be given at its Fourth International Conference on Syria to be held 1-3 August 2018 in St Andrews, Scotland. The theme of the conference will be the late Uprising period since roughly 2015, with the focus on issues such as the sectarianization of the conflict; the evolution of the...

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