A majority of Lebanese seems to share disappointment with traditional political parties and are longing for change and reform as demonstrated in recent years. Nevertheless, the prospects remain dim for a major change in: the entrenched political structure of Lebanon, the confessional power-sharing system, the discriminatory electoral law, and the deep-rooted culture of sectarianism. In other words, It has...

Abstract  Copenhagen School, as a part of critical security studies, developed in response to the traditional analysis of security. The School argued that issues are securitized, and become security issues through speech acts. The overall structure is called securitization process. However, the Copenhagen School’s analysis of security has been consistently criticized by alternative advocates of...

The Republic of Turkey and the State of Israel have a number of conflicting interests in the Middle East. This article, however, will review their common interests in the region. Counterterrorism or fight against terrorism: The interest number one, of course, is the protection of security and stability in the region. Security and stability are part and parcel of the both countries’ interests. As we...

Introduction  The concept of “checks and balances” is a system of separation of power by ensuring that each branch of government such as legislative, executive and judiciary would have exclusive control over its sphere of responsibility, thus precluding any of them from concentrating power. Contemporary states have widely different political system, even if they belong to a large family of...

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