On 14-20 September 2016, the Belarusian Armed Forces conducted large-scale military drills. Despite the fact that these military exercises were planned, they demonstrate a significant shift in security policy as Minsk increasingly takes into consideration possible risks and challenges from Russia. It seems that the Belarusian Armed Forces are preparing for a possible Donbass-like hybrid...

The European Union is the world’s largest importer of energy resources. Formation of a common energy policy is one of the most important issues on the daily agenda of the Member States, probably because coal, gas and oil remain the dominant energy sources for the Union despite its efforts to develop renewable energy. Adoption of the second package of directives that called for opening of the gas and...

Оn 20 July 2016 Belarusian president Alexander Lukashenka approved the final version of the new Military Doctrine of Belarus. The previous version adopted in 2002 has obviously outlived its usefulness in light of the dramatic changes in the global and regional security architecture. The Russia-Ukraine hybrid conflict and a new “Cold war” contributed greatly to the development of this document....

The second meeting of the foreign ministers of the five Central Asian countries and the U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry was a logical continuation of the dialogue in the “C5+1” format, launched in 2015 in Samarkand, where President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov delivered a farewell speech. It was the first forum where the parties discussed the prospects of international cooperation in the...

The fears of those remembering that in August something always happens in Russia to make the whole world tremble, be it a coup attempt in Moscow or the Georgian war during the Olympics, have finally been proved well-grounded. This time in August, again the Olympic one and in the wake of the Presidential elections in the U.S., a worrying chain of events unfolded in the annexed Crimea. Their possible...

Early August marked intensified activities among Russia, Turkey, Iran and South Caucasian countries. The visit of the Armenian President Serzh Sargsyan to meet with his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin in Moscow amidst these developments bring more questions. Mr. Heydar Mirza, an expert in foreign policy and security studies with focus on the South Caucasus and Caspian region, shares his opinion on the...

Europe is left again in a state of shock and distress when Germany was hit by a surprising attack leaving 9 people dead and many more wounded. The attack on the Olympia shopping centre in Munich, three days after another attack on board a  train executed  by an Afghan refugee and followed by an explosion in a small town of Ansbach, seems to be politically motivated violence rather than...

 “Safety and certainty in oil lie in variety and variety alone”[1] Winston Churchill   A famous doctrine of classical geopolitics goes: “Who controls Eurasia, (Heartland) eventually, he will be able to run the world”. Subsequently, however, changing circumstances have been shaping and reorganizing foreign policies and political interests of states. Hence, a new dogma has...

The dramatic breakdown of the Russian-Turkish partnership in the aftermath of the Su-24 incident had very dramatic consequences for the both sides, which now show first signs of their desire to break the ice. Mr. Orhan Gafarli, Azerbaijani political expert based in Ankara talked to us to give his perspective on the future of the relationships between Russia and Turkey and what wider implications they may...

Whatever the end of the quagmire in the Middle East will be, it can be confidently claimed that the Kurdish problem is now looming larger than ever in the regional politics. In Syria the YPG, armed groups under the local Kurdish party PYD, are among the most solid and reliable forces fighting against radical jihadists; in Iraq the prospects of possible independence exert a steady impact on national...

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