Enlightenment in the late sixteenth and seventeenth centuries caused a great number of cultural and intellectual changes in Europe; therefore, it is proper to say that “it changed not only ideas, but also the process by which ideas are formulated.” (Hause & Maltby, 2004, p. 291) This significant movement affected almost every aspect of European life: politics, religion, science, literature...

How can the bizarre Stalin cult, which is haunting the political culture of today's Russia, be curbed? Why are organizations as Memorial, which has been dealing for years with the reworking of the Stalinist past, unable to influence wider population strata and make a decisive contribution to the historical truth? The ninth conference in the "History of Stalinism" series, which took place in Saint...

In the first month of 2017, Tajikistan witnessed a major dismissal accompanied by an (un)expected appointment within the ranks of power. The mayor of Dushanbe, Tajikistan`s capital city, was sacked by a Presidential decree. Had such a case happened in a Western country, it would have beenacceptedas something quite ordinary, especially if the dismissed person had served 20 years in office. But in...

In the early days of the current year, the ambassadors of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania to Germany collectively wrote a petition asking German media to stop referring to the above-mentioned nations as “former Soviet countries”. The issue had been prompted by the Soviet Legacy column on the German news portal Die Zeit.   The Facebook page of Latvia`s embassy in...

There is a wide range of literature written on the relationship between education and economic growth. It is often asserted among scholarly circles that investment on education brings higher returns to individuals’ human capital and subsequent increase in their productivity. As much as the productivity of the labor force increases; that is, the output per worker per hour produced increases, so the...

Fidel Castro, the Cuban revolutionary leader passed away on November 25, reopening debates about his political and economic heritage - his Cuba. The zeitgeist of the Cold War era revived with such discussions pitting social security of the communism against the political pluralism, affluence of capitalism. In this vast discourse, where are we Azerbaijanis? How do we accommodate our recent socialist past? ...

In an attempt to explain the revolutionary and post-revolutionary processes in the Middle East, political analysts tend to lean either on structural, or on agential points of view. Both structuralist and agentialist theories enable to distinguish some revolutionary patterns common for Egypt and Tunisia, and overall in the Arabic world. However, while understanding the different paths these countries have...

In December 2016, Macedonia will be holding early elections, while its insecurity is growing every day. Uncertainties for the future of this Balkan country are growing as the elections date is approaching.Dilemmas are very complex; they are political, ethnic and geopolitical.All of the internal actors seem to be very chaotic. Meanwhile international actors, European Union, United States, NATO and Russia...

  From the written media, from audiovisual channels and from social networks, I am reading, observing and hearing heartbreaking news. Behind the curtain of all this information I feel an adagio that is becoming ever more pessimistic …the hunger of young generation to escape from Albanian territories. Why are we failing to satisfy the young generation despite our success with securing freedom...

  A recent series of terrorist attacks in Kazakhstan shattered the entire region and led to speculations about the strengthening of radical elements in Central Asia. Mr. Aidar Amrebayev, a political expert from Kazakhstan, shares his opinion about what could await his country in the aftermath of terrorist attacks, in the light of fluctuating oil prices and Eurasian integration.   Interviewer:...

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