Family, or household, has always been one of the most important elements of a social fabric of any society- institutions, which, as Hall and Soskice claimed in their influential “Varieties of Capitalism” model, are embedded in time and tend to reproduce certain patterns of inequality and redistribution (this approach was shared by several distinguished analysts of the field, including Polanyi)....

The statement “Development as Freedom” was articulated by Nobel Peace Prize winner and famous economist Amartya Sen. He developed the idea of how freedom can be achieved not only by economic or technological development but from the freedom and the basic capabilities itself. In his book, he argues that freedom is part of our life which gives us strength “to have a reason to value...

In an auction in Alkmaar, a city in the Northern Netherlands, an aggregate of 90,000‎ guilders (ƒ‎‎) was generated from sales of tulips and other exotic flowers. A tulip sample named Viceroy was sold for ƒ4,203 while another tulip, Admirael van Enchuysen, was offered ƒ5,200.  To put into context, during much of the 17th century, an average outdoor laborer earned about...

The rivalry between two continental powers, France and Germany, defined to a great extent the streamline of the European history since the second half of the 19th century until 1945. These countries have been considered as classical examples of nation-states, where this concept found its full realization. Even now they represent two pillars of the European Union, pushing its development in quite Hegelian...

The Cuban missile crisis in 1962 has probably been one of the most researched international crises in the world. However, in 1996 Jutta Weldes wrote about national interests and the missile crises in a new and refreshing manner: she improved the theory of constructivism regarding national interests and showed how the decisions taken in 1962 were the results of social environment and its reaction to the...

The essential problem standing in this work is to compare the legal status of seceding units that are internationally recognized with those that are not. At first, all the terms which may cause ambiguity should be unequivocally defined. Under the term “state”, we mean, according to the Montevideo Convention of 1933, a political organization that responds to the requirements of disposing of a...

The 19th-century British colonization of India is often regarded as a milestone in Indian culture. The Colonists are frequently credited by modern day historians for establishing relative peace, constructing critical infrastructure, leading industrialization, banning obsolete practices such as sati1 and child marriage, and spreading Western ideas. From this standpoint, past British imperialism can be...

The accession of the countries of the Central and Eastern Europe was, since the adoption of Copenhagen criteria in 1993, contingent upon fulfilling various obligations, which included, along with adopting an extensive set of the European legislation known as acquis communitaire, achieving progress on such dimensions as a functioning democracy, rule of law, and the ability to undertake obligations of an EU...

Azerbaijan is a predominantly Muslim country. According to, The World Factbook 2015, 96.9 percent of the population is Muslims. Shia Muslims make approximately 85 percent while Sunni 15 percent of total Muslim population. The rest of the residents (around 3%) is made up of mostly Christians and Jews, as well as representatives of non-traditional sects (Krishnaism, etc.). Thus, the Shiites form the majority...

According to the International Organization for Migration (IOM), the definition of the migration is “the movement of a person or a group of persons, either across an international border or within a State.” Migration has always been a debatable topic in terms of economic, cultural, nationality, security, and humanitarian aspects. Sometimes migrants are welcomed in the receiving countries;...

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