Amid the trade war going on between China and the United States, one may ask how China, one of the poorest countries in the world a few decades ago, grew into an economy that could challenge the United States, the sole superpower existing in the contemporary world. The strategy that lies behind China’s current economic power is its decision to bandwagon on globalisation, first by establishing Special...

Chinese efforts to woo Saudi Arabia’s ethnic Chinese community highlight the People’s Republic’s effort to avert criticism from the Muslim world of its crackdown in the north-western province of Xinjiang and strengthen relations with the kingdom and Middle Eastern nations. The efforts to woo a community, a significant part of which is of Turkic origin, identifies itself as Turkestani, and...

It was reported in October 2017 that President Donald Trump advised the U.S. trade representative to intimidate their South Korean counterparts by telling them he was a madman. “You tell [the South Koreans] if they don't give the concessions now, this crazy guy will pull out of the deal,” Trump said, referring to the U.S.-Korea free trade agreement. Interestingly enough, this report coincided...

Two of the most important directions of anti-Western thinking in today Russia are classical Eurasianism that originated outside the Soviet Union, in the 1920s-1930s, and post-Soviet, so-called “neo-Eurasianism.” The latter school of thought is far better known in the West than the former, and often also simply called “Eurasianism.” It has been, from the end of the 1980s, principally...

NATO`s campaign of Kosovo in 1999 was not simply a military operation of several countries against another one; in fact, as some scholars argue, it became a turning point for world order and brought about new challenges for political science.  NATO jets against Yugoslavia “represented nothing less than the beginning of the end of the Westphalian world order.” (Nichols, 2008) Set up in...

Family, or household, has always been one of the most important elements of a social fabric of any society- institutions, which, as Hall and Soskice claimed in their influential “Varieties of Capitalism” model, are embedded in time and tend to reproduce certain patterns of inequality and redistribution (this approach was shared by several distinguished analysts of the field, including Polanyi)....

The statement “Development as Freedom” was articulated by Nobel Peace Prize winner and famous economist Amartya Sen. He developed the idea of how freedom can be achieved not only by economic or technological development but from the freedom and the basic capabilities itself. In his book, he argues that freedom is part of our life which gives us strength “to have a reason to value...

In an auction in Alkmaar, a city in the Northern Netherlands, an aggregate of 90,000‎ guilders (ƒ‎‎) was generated from sales of tulips and other exotic flowers. A tulip sample named Viceroy was sold for ƒ4,203 while another tulip, Admirael van Enchuysen, was offered ƒ5,200.  To put into context, during much of the 17th century, an average outdoor laborer earned about...

The rivalry between two continental powers, France and Germany, defined to a great extent the streamline of the European history since the second half of the 19th century until 1945. These countries have been considered as classical examples of nation-states, where this concept found its full realization. Even now they represent two pillars of the European Union, pushing its development in quite Hegelian...

The Cuban missile crisis in 1962 has probably been one of the most researched international crises in the world. However, in 1996 Jutta Weldes wrote about national interests and the missile crises in a new and refreshing manner: she improved the theory of constructivism regarding national interests and showed how the decisions taken in 1962 were the results of social environment and its reaction to the...

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